People in American History Central

People Entries Starting with G

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Madison, James
James Madison was the fourth President of the United States and a principal author of The Federalist Papers. Madison is considered by some to be the "Father of the Constitution." Learn more »
Adams, Samuel
Samuel Adams was a Founding Father, member of the Continental Congress, Signer of the Declaration of Independence, and a leading proponent of colonial independence from Great Britain. After the Revolution, Adams served four terms as Governor of Massachusetts. Learn more »
Longstreet, James
Confederate General James Longstreet is one of the more controversial figures of the American Civil War. When the secession crisis emerged, Longstreet resigned his commission in the United States Army and offered his services to the Confederacy. By October 1862, Longstreet had risen to the rank of lieutenant general and had become one of Robert E. Lee's most trusted subordinates. Longstreet's action, or inaction, at the Battle of Gettysburg created the controversy that tarnished his military legacy in the eyes of many Southerners. Longstreet opposed Lee's headlong attacks of Union forces during that battle. Following the war, Lee apologists, led by Jubal Early, blamed Longstreet's opposition and subsequent belated attack for the Confederate loss. More recent scholarship has questioned that conclusion and attributed much of the anti-Longstreet sentiment to Longstreet's post-war politics, which were unpopular with many Southerners. Learn more »
Hamilton, Alexander
Alexander Hamilton was a Founding Father of our nation and the first Secretary of the Treasury. He led calls for the Philadelphia Convention and co-authored the Federalist Papers. Learn more »
Adams, Abigail Smith
Abigail Adams was the wife of John Adams, second President of the United States and the mother of the sixth President, John Quincy Adams. Her letters and memoirs of the Revolutionary era are considered to be major historical documents. Learn more »
Rush, Benjamin
Benjamin Rush was a Founding Father, Signer of the Declaration of Independence, Member of the Continental Army, and advocate for the ratification of the United States Constitution. Rush was also a prominent physician, educator, and proponent of women's rights and the abolition of slavery. Learn more »
Washington, George
George Washington led the Continental Army to victory over the British in the Revolutionary War. He then served two terms as the first President of the United States under the Constitution. Learn more »
Lincoln, Abraham
Abraham Lincoln was an American political leader during the 19th century. Rising from humble beginnings, Lincoln was elected as the 16th President of the United States in 1860. Lincoln’s election prompted the secession of several Southern states and eventually the beginning of the American Civil War. Lincoln served as president and commander-in-chief throughout most of the conflict before an assassin’s bullet tragically cut his life short on April 15, 1865. Learn more »
Franklin, Benjamin
Benjamin Franklin was a Founding Father, member of the Continental Congress, signer of the Declaration of Independence and signer of the United States Constitution. Arguably, the most accomplished individual in American history, he was also a successful printer, publisher, scientist, inventor, diplomat, civic leader, statesman, and philosopher. Learn more »
Adams, John
John Adams was a Founding Father, America's First Ambassador to the Court of St. James and the Second President of the United States. He was also the first Vice President, serving two terms under George Washington. Learn more »