People in American History Central

People Entries Starting with Z

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Revere, Paul
Paul Revere was an American patriot who was an active participant in the movement for independence before the American Revolution. His famous "Midnight Ride" from Boston to Lexington, on April 18, 1775, to warn American patriots about advancing British troops was later immortalized in a poem written by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow in the 1860s. Learn more »
Adams, Samuel
Samuel Adams was a Founding Father, member of the Continental Congress, Signer of the Declaration of Independence, and a leading proponent of colonial independence from Great Britain. After the Revolution, Adams served four terms as Governor of Massachusetts. Learn more »
Washington, George
George Washington led the Continental Army to victory over the British in the Revolutionary War. He then served two terms as the first President of the United States under the Constitution. Learn more »
Rush, Benjamin
Benjamin Rush was a Founding Father, Signer of the Declaration of Independence, Member of the Continental Army, and advocate for the ratification of the United States Constitution. Rush was also a prominent physician, educator, and proponent of women's rights and the abolition of slavery. Learn more »
Paine, Thomas
Thomas Paine was a Founding Father, the philosopher of the American War for Independence, and a true revolutionary. His essays and pamphlets, especially Common Sense, noted for its plain language, resonated with the common people of America and roused them to rally behind the movement for independence. Following the American Revolution, Paine immigrated to Europe where the British government declared him and outlaw for his anti-monarchist views, and where he actively participated in the French Revolution. Learn more »
Hamilton, Alexander
Alexander Hamilton was a Founding Father of our nation and the first Secretary of the Treasury. He led calls for the Philadelphia Convention and co-authored the Federalist Papers. Learn more »
Madison, James
James Madison was the fourth President of the United States and a principal author of The Federalist Papers. Madison is considered by some to be the "Father of the Constitution." Learn more »
Jay, John
John Jay was a Founding Father and the First Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Jay represented New York in the Continental Congress and was an author of the Federalist Papers. He wrote the Constitution of New York and served as Governor from 1795-1801. Learn more »
Longstreet, James
Confederate General James Longstreet is one of the more controversial figures of the American Civil War. When the secession crisis emerged, Longstreet resigned his commission in the United States Army and offered his services to the Confederacy. By October 1862, Longstreet had risen to the rank of lieutenant general and had become one of Robert E. Lee's most trusted subordinates. Longstreet's action, or inaction, at the Battle of Gettysburg created the controversy that tarnished his military legacy in the eyes of many Southerners. Longstreet opposed Lee's headlong attacks of Union forces during that battle. Following the war, Lee apologists, led by Jubal Early, blamed Longstreet's opposition and subsequent belated attack for the Confederate loss. More recent scholarship has questioned that conclusion and attributed much of the anti-Longstreet sentiment to Longstreet's post-war politics, which were unpopular with many Southerners. Learn more »
Jefferson, Thomas
Thomas Jefferson was a Founding Father and the third President of the United States. He is the author of the Declaration of Independence and founded the University of Virginia. He also served as Governor of Virginia, Virginia Congressman, Minister to France, Secretary of State under George Washington and Vice President under John Adams. Learn more »