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Albany Plan of Union 1754
Transcript of the Albany Plan of Union 1754
Albany Plan of Union, 1754
The Albany Plan of Union was a plan to place the British North American colonies under a more centralized government. The plan was adopted on July 10, 1754, by representatives from seven of the British North American colonies. Although never carried out, it was the first important plan to conceive of the colonies as a collective whole united under one government.
The Albany Plan of Union 1754
Renewed conflict with France prompts Albany Congress. Six Nations of the Iroquois attend. Ben Franklin, Thomas Hutchinson propose Central Government to organize defense.
Benjamin Franklin's Albany Plan of Union
Benjamin Franklin has been called the greatest Enlightenment thinker on this side of the Atlantic. In political matters, Franklin may have envisioned the future of the thirteen colonies better than anyone. His 1754 Albany Plan of Union was a daring first step in bringing together the colonies under one central government. Although rejected by colonial governments and the English Parliament, it represented a prophetic look at what Franklin felt was an inevitable future.
ALBANY PLAN. Albany Congress (1754), called by order of the British government for the purpose of conciliating the Iroquois and securing their support in the war against France, was more notable for the plans that it made than for its actual accomplishments.
Albany Plan of Union
The Albany Plan of Union was developed and presented by Benjamin Franklin in 1754 at the Albany Congress meeting in Albany, New York. Franklin proposed that the Thirteen Colonies of British America unite to form a federal government. The goal was to defend them against France when the colonies faced the threat of war--the French and Indian War. The colonies would go on to reject the plan, however, it was one of several tools useful in finalizing both the Articles of Confederation and ultimately the Constitution.
British officials believed that a North American war with France was imminent and urged colonial leaders to prepare for the common defense. A meeting was held in Albany in the spring of 1754 and was attended by native leaders, colonial officials and representatives from seven of the British colonies. Discussions focused on two primary issues:
meeting in Albany, N.Y., in 1754, attended by representatives of New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, the New England colonies, and the Iroquois Confederacy. Convened to strengthen ties with the Indians in preparation for war with France, it is best known for its espousal of a plan for colonial union devised by Benjamin Franklin. The Albany plan called for a common representative council elected by the colonial legislatures and a president-general appointed by the Crown. Although never implemented, the plan prefigured the later union of states.
The Albany Congress
The Albany Congress met in Albany from June 19 to July 11, 1754. Holding daily meetings at the City Hall, official delegates from seven colonies considered strategies for Indian diplomacy and put forth the so-called Albany Plan of Union.
The Albany Congress
It should be noted here that the good intentions of colonial leaders only went so far. Though these petitions were offered, repeated attempts to organize the colonies met with jealous resistance. In June of 1754, representatives from seven colonies met with 150 Iroquois Chiefs in Albany, New York. The purposes of the Albany Congress were twofold; to try to secure the support and cooperation of the Iroquois in fighting the French, and to form a colonial alliance based on a design by Benjamin Franklin. The plan of union was passed unanimously. But when the delegates returned to their colonies with the plan, not a single provincial legislature would ratify it. Franklin's plan resembled the Articles of Confederation, and would have provided for coordinated taxation and militia forces to defend the frontiers.
The Albany Congress was a meeting held at Albany, N.Y., in June-July 1754, attended by representatives of the colonies of New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and New Hampshire and of the five Iroquois nations whose plan for a federal union of the colonies was a precursor of the U.S. Constitution.. Although its purpose was to cement ties between the colonies and the Iroquois in preparation for war with the French, it is chiefly remembered as the occasion when Benjamin Franklin presented his Albany Plan of Union. Franklin proposed that the colonies form a self-governing federation under the British crown. Even though the plan was not realized, in many respects it foreshadowed the later union of the American states.
Albany Congress , a conference held in Albany, New York, in 1754 to prepare a unified colonial defense against the French and their Indian allies. At this meeting, Benjamin Franklin presented a precedent-setting proposal for union of the British North American colonies; it was later known as the Albany Plan of Union. The congress had been called by the British government primarily to renew an alliance with the Iroquois Indians guaranteeing their loyalty in the event of war with the French.
Representatives of seven American colonies meeting in Albany, New York, in the summer of 1754 drew up a plan to unite the American colonies under a federal government. The Albany Congress had initially been convened by the English Board of Trade, which was concerned about the weakness of intercolonial defense at the beginning of the Seven Years' War, as well as about growing friction between the colonists and the Iroquois.
The Albany Congress was a meeting of representatives of seven of the British North American colonies in 1754 (specifically, Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island). Representatives met daily at Albany, New York from June 19 to July 11 to discuss better relations with the Indian tribes and common defensive measures against the French.
The Albany Congress
In 1754, twenty-one delegates from seven of Britain's North America colonies including: Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island met with Iroquois Indians daily from June 19 to July 11. Other native groups including the Mohawks were also in the meeting. (Bielinski, par 2) The convention was one of the first large meetings in which colonists of different cultures and backgrounds met together to discuss diplomacy regarding defense in reaction to the French's advance and creating an alliance among the colonies.