Quick Facts About John Marshall

Marshall is best known for his judicial decisions that often reflected his strong Federalist beliefs. His decision in the cases of Marbury v. Madison (1803) strengthened the power of the federal judiciary by establishing the principle of judicial review. His opinion in McCulloch v Maryland (1819) expanded the power of the federal government by introducing the concept of implied powers when interpreting the U.S. Constitution.

Born September 24, 1755 near Germantown, Virginia

Commissioned as a lieutenant in the Fauquier County militia in 1775

Served as an officer in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War

Spent the winter of 1777-1778 with the troops in Valley Forge

Studied law at the College of William and Mary, under George Wythe

Admitted to the Virginia bar in 1780

Member of the Virginia Assembly from 1782-1791 and again from 1795-1797

Participated in the Virginia convention of 1788 that ratified the U.S. Constitution

Appointed by Preident John Adams on the “;X Y Z”; mission of 1797-1798 to adjust differences with France

Represented Virginia in Congress from 1799-1800

U.S. Secretary of State from June 6, 1800 to February 4, 1801

Commissioned Chief Justice of the United States January 31, 1801, and took office in February 4, 1801

Established the Supreme Court's power of judicial review with decision in case of Marbury v. Madison, in 1803

Affirmed the concept of implied powers of Congress, through the ";necessary and proper"; clause in the U.S. Constitution, in the Supreme Courts's decision in the case of McCulloch v. Maryland in 1819

Served through six presidential administrations and over a thousand decisions as Chief Justice

Died July 6, 1835, Philadelphia, Pennsylvannia

Buried Shockhoe Hill Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia

Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title John Marshall
  • Coverage September 24, 1755 – July 6, 1835
  • Author
  • Website Name American History Central
  • URL
  • Access Date March 30, 2017
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update August 25, 2016