Quick Facts About Treaty of Paris (1783)
Negotiated as a separate treaty between Great Britain and the United States, the primary provisions of the Treaty of Paris established the independence of the United States and ended hostilities between the two nations. Other provisions dealt with the defining of borders, restitution for Loyalist property confiscated by Americans during the war, the return of slaves confiscated by the British, and the removal of British troops from American soil.
Signed by U.S. and British Representatives on September 3, 1783, ending the Revolutionary War
Based on a preliminary treaty agreed to in 1782
Recognized the independence of the United States
Granted the U.S. significant western territories
Other important provisions established U.S. boundaries, specified certain fishing rights, allowed creditors of each country to be paid by citizens of the other, restored the rights and property of Loyalists, opened up the Mississippi River to citizens of both nations and provided for evacuation of all British forces.
Was one of a series of treaties collectively know as the Peace of Paris, or the Treaty of Versailles of 1783, which also established peace between Great Britain and the allied nations of France, Spain, and the Netherlands
Signed by John Jay, Benjamin Franklin, and John Adams, who negotiated the treaty for the U.S., and by David Hartley, member of the House of Commons, representing King George III
The Congress of the Confederation ratified the treaty on January 14, 1784
Great Britain ratified on April 9, 1784
Signed and ratified versions of the document were exchanged in Paris on May 12, 1784
In the aftermath, parts of the treaty were not honored by both nations. The Americans did not honor the section about not confiscating loyalist property. The British did not return former American slaves and they also did not remove their troops from frontier forts on the United States side of the border until after the Jay Treaty.