Benjamin Rush (1745-1813)
Benjamin Rush was a Founding Father, Signer of the Declaration of Independence, Member of the Continental Army, and advocate for the ratification of the United States Constitution. Rush was also a prominent physician, educator, and proponent of women's rights and the abolition of slavery.
Quick Facts About Benjamin Rush
Born December 24, 1745, Byberry, Pennsylvania
Graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton) in 1760
Received MD degree from the University of Edinburgh in 1768
Elected to the Continental Congress from Pennsylvania in 1776
Signed Declaration of Independence in 1776
Appointed Surgeon-general to the armies of the middle department of the Continental Army in 1777
Member of the Convention of Pennsylvania for Adoption of the Federal Constitution, 1787
Professor of medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, 1791-1813
Founder and trustee of Dickenson College, 1793-1813
Treasurer of the U.S. Mint, 1797-1813
Named president of the Pennsylvania Society for the Abolition of Slavery, 1803
Died April 19, 1813 in Philadelphia
Buried at Christ's Church in Philadelphia
Posthumously named as the "Father of American Psychiatry" by The American Psychiatric Association in 1965
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Portrait of Founding Father Dr. Benjamin Rush by Charles Willson Peale.