American History Central

A Digital Encyclopedia of United States History

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Free Silver Movement, Definition, Facts, APUSH, Political Cartoon

Free Silver Movement

Free Silver was a policy that allowed for the unlimited production of silver coins by the United States Treasury. The policy was eliminated by the Coinage Act of 1873, which led to an outcry for its return, known as the Free Silver Movement, during the Gilded Age.

Great Railroad Strike, 1877, Definition, Facts, APUSH

Great Railroad Strike

The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 was a violent worker’s strike in response to significant wage cuts by several railroads, including the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.

Panic of 1837, Definition, Facts, APUSH

Panic of 1873

The Panic of 1873 was a financial crisis that led to a four-year economic depression in the United States, also known as the “First Great Depression.”

Friedrich Adolf Riedesel, General, American Revolutionary War

Friedrich Riedesel

General Friedrich Riedesel was a soldier who led Hessian troops in support of Great Britain during the American Revolutionary War. Riedesel is most famous for his participation in the failed Saratoga Campaign of 1777.

Invasion of Quebec, Canada Campaign, 1775-76, American History Central

Invasion of Quebec

The Invasion of Quebec was a military expedition carried out by the Continental Army in 1775–1776, during the American Revolutionary War. American forces failed to capture Quebec City and convince Canada to become the 14th Colony, leading to a disastrous retreat from Canada that set the stage for the Saratoga Campaign in 1777.

Colonial America and the French and Indian War

Salem Witch Trials, Howard Pyle

Salem Witch Trials (1692–1693)

The famous Witchcraft Crisis took place in Salem Village in 1692–1693.

William Brewster, Painting

Separatists (Pilgrims)

Puritan Separatists — the Pilgrims — left Europe and sailed to America for Religious Freedom.

Battle of Lake George, Johnson Saving Dieskau

Battle of Lake George (1755)

Learn about the intense battle from the French and Indian war that included the Bloody Morning Scout, the Bloody Pond, and the death of King Hendrick.

AmericaN Revolution and the Revolutionary war

Samuel Adams, Painting

Boston Massacre (1770)

When British troops fired into a crowd and killed colonists, Samuel Adams called it “The Boston Massacre.”

General Nathanael Greene, Portrait, Illustration

Nathanael Greene

Greene was a master strategist and a hero who helped lead American forces to a stunning victory in the Southern Theater.

Abraham Whipple, Painting

Gaspee Incident and Affair

The Sons of Liberty nearly started the war with Britain in 1772 when they attacked a British ship, shot a British officer, and burned the ship.

Secession, Civil War, and Reconstruction

Philip Sheridan, General

Battle of Fisher’s Hill

The Union victory at the Battle of Fisher’s Hill opened up the Shenandoah Valley and led to “The Burning,” Philip Sheridan’s scorched earth campaign.

John Wilkes Booth, Abraham Lincoln Assassin, Portrait

Lincoln Assassination

On April 14, 1865, John Wilkes struck a blow for the Confederacy when he shot Abraham Lincoln at Ford’s Theater

Abraham Lincoln, Portrait, Gardner

Emancipation Proclamation

Lincoln’s proclamation freed enslaved people in areas that were in rebellion against the United States.