American History Central

An Independent Digital Encyclopedia of United States History

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Stephen F Austin, Portrait

Texas Revolution

The Texas Revolution (1835–1836) was an uprising in the Mexican state of Coahuila and Texas that led to the establishment of the Republic of Texas. The independent state played an important role in America’s Manifest Destiny when Texas was annexed by the United States in 1845.

John Winthrop, Massachusetts Bay Governor

Massachusetts Bay Colony (1629–1763)

Massachusetts Bay Colony was established in 1629 when King Charles I issued a charter that established the Massachusetts Bay Company and gave the company permission to establish a settlement in New England. It became the largest and most powerful British colony in New England.

The Oregon Trail, Painting, Bierstadt

The Oregon Trail

The Oregon Trail was a westward route that thousands of pioneers traveled as they emigrated western part of the United States. It was most popular from 1841 to 1869.

Franklin Pierce, 7th President, Portrait

Franklin Pierce, 14th President

Franklin Pierce (1804–1869) was the 14th President of the United States. He sympathized with Southern views on slavery based on the wording of the U.S. Constitution. As a result, he alienated anti-slavery groups by signing the Kansas–Nebraska Act and enforcing the Fugitive Slave Act.

Sacagawea, Lewis and Clark Expedition

Lewis and Clark Expedition

The Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804–1806) explored the upper regions of the Louisiana Purchase from St. Louis westward to Oregon. The expedition was a major achievement that helped open the American West for the fulfillment of Manifest Destiny.

Colonial America and the French and Indian War

Salem Witch Trials, Howard Pyle

Salem Witch Trials (1692–1693)

The famous Witchcraft Crisis took place in Salem Village in 1692–1693.

William Brewster, Painting

Separatists (Pilgrims)

Puritan Separatists — the Pilgrims — left Europe and sailed to America for Religious Freedom.

Battle of Lake George, Johnson Saving Dieskau

Battle of Lake George (1755)

Learn about the intense battle from the French and Indian war that included the Bloody Morning Scout, the Bloody Pond, and the death of King Hendrick.

AmericaN Revolution and the Revolutionary war

General Nathanael Greene, Portrait, Illustration

Nathanael Greene

Greene was a master strategist and a hero who helped lead American forces to a stunning victory in the Southern Theater.

Abraham Whipple, Painting

Gaspee Incident and Affair

The Sons of Liberty nearly started the war with Britain in 1772 when they attacked a British ship, shot a British officer, and burned the ship.

Samuel Adams, Portrait

Boston Massacre (1770)

When British troops fired into a crowd and killed colonists, Samuel Adams called it “The Boston Massacre.”


Secession, Civil War, and Reconstruction

Philip Sheridan, General

Battle of Fisher’s Hill

The Union victory at the Battle of Fisher’s Hill opened up the Shenandoah Valley and led to “The Burning,” Philip Sheridan’s scorched earth campaign.

John Wilkes Booth, Abraham Lincoln Assassin, Portrait

Lincoln Assassination

On April 14, 1865, John Wilkes struck a blow for the Confederacy when he shot Abraham Lincoln at Ford’s Theater

Abraham Lincoln, Portrait, Gardner

Emancipation Proclamation

Lincoln’s proclamation freed enslaved people in areas that were in rebellion against the United States.