Early Republic (1788-1817)

Jay Treaty (1794)

The Jay Treaty, also known as Jay's Treaty and the Treaty of London, was a diplomatic attempt to resolve festering differences and deteriorating conditions between the United States and Great Britain. The chief negotiator for the United States was John Jay. Signed on November 19, 1794, and ratified by the Senate on June 24, 1795, the treaty was highly unpopular with the American public. Although the Jay Treaty resolved very little, it did forestall a military confrontation with Great Britain, which eventually occurred in 1812, by which time the U.S. was on firmer footing.