Abraham Lincoln, Portrait, Gardner

On March 4, 1861, Abraham Lincoln became the 16th President of the United States. Elected to a second term in 1864, Lincoln died in office on April 15, 1865, from a gunshot delivered by assassin John Wilkes Booth the night before. Image Source: Wikimedia.

Abraham Lincoln - Facts

February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865

Key facts about Abraham Lincoln, 16th President of the United States who guided the federal government through most of the Civil War.

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Full Name:

  • Abraham Lincoln

Birth Date:

  • February 12, 1809

Birth Location:

  • Hardin County, Kentucky

Parents:

  • Thomas and Nancy (Hanks) Lincoln

Education:

  • Limited

Occupation:

  • Lawyer
  • Politician

Career Summary:

  • U.S. Congressman
  • 16th President of the United States

Spouse:

  • Mary Todd (1840)

Nickname(s):

  • Honest Abe
  • Great Emancipator
  • Rail Splitter

Place of Death:

  • Washington DC

Date of Death:

  • April 15, 1865

Place of Burial:

  • Oak Ridge Cemetery, near Springfield, Illinois

Significance:

  • Abraham Lincoln’s family moved to Indiana in December 1816.
  • Abraham Lincoln’s mother, Nancy Hanks, died on October 5, 1818.
  • Abraham Lincoln had less than one year of formal education
  • Abraham Lincoln’s father married Sarah Bush Johnston on December 2, 1819.
  • Abraham Lincoln’s family moved to Illinois in March 1830.
  • Abraham Lincoln separated from his family, moving to New Salem, Illinois in July 1831.
  • Abraham Lincoln served as a militia captain in the Black Hawk War (April-June 1832).
  • Abraham Lincoln lost an election bid to serve in the Illinois General Assembly on August 6, 1832.
  • Abraham Lincoln was elected to the Illinois General Assembly on August 6, 1834, at age 24.
  • Abraham Lincoln was admitted to the Illinois bar on March 1, 1837.
  • On March 15, 1837, Abraham Lincoln moved to Springfield, Illinois and began practicing law.
  • Abraham Lincoln was reelected to the Illinois State Legislature in 1836, 1838 and 1840.
  • Abraham Lincoln was engaged to Mary Todd in the autumn of 1840.
  • Abraham Lincoln and Mary Todd married on November 4, 1842.
  • Abraham Lincoln was elected to the U.S. Congress as a Whig from Illinois on August 3, 1846.
  • Abraham Lincoln completed his term in Congress and returned to Springfield to practice law on March 31, 1849.
  • Abraham Lincoln was elected to the Illinois General Assembly on November 7, 1854.
  • Abraham Lincoln delivered his famous “house divided” speech on June 16, 1858, while accepting the Republican nomination for the U.S. Senate election.
  • Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas took part in the famous Lincoln-Douglas debates in August 1858.
  • Abraham Lincoln lost the senatorial election in Illinois legislature to Stephen Douglas on November 2, 1858.
  • Abraham Lincoln received the Republican nomination for President of the United States on May 18, 1860 in Chicago.
  • Abraham Lincoln was elected as the 16th President of the United States on November 6, 1860.
  • In reaction to Abraham Lincoln’s election as President of the United States, South Carolina became the first state to secede from the Union on December 20, 1860.
  • Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated as the 16th President of the United States on March 4, 1861.
  • Abraham Lincoln ordered reinforcements for Fort Sumter on March 29, 1861.
  • Abraham Lincoln called for the formation of a temporary militia of 75,000 soldiers on April 15, 1861.
  • Abraham Lincoln proclaimed a blockade against Southern ports on April 19, 1861.
  • Abraham Lincoln suspended the writ of habeas corpus on April 27, 1861.
  • The U.S. Congress granted Abraham Lincoln considerable war powers on July 22, 1861.
  • Abraham Lincoln named George McClellan as general-in-chief of Union forces on November 1, 1861.
  • Abraham Lincoln signed an act abolishing slavery in the District of Columbia on April 16, 1862.
  • Abraham Lincoln appointed Henry Halleck as general-in-chief of Union forces on July 11, 1862.
  • Abraham Lincoln issued a preliminary version of the Emancipation Proclamation on September 22, 1862.
  • Abraham Lincoln named Ambrose Burnside to command the Army of the Potomac on November 5, 1862.
  • Abraham Lincoln named Joseph Hooker to command the Army of the Potomac on January 25, 1862.
  • Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863.
  • Abraham Lincoln named Ulysses S. Grant to command Union forces in the West on January 29, 1863.
  • Abraham Lincoln signed the Conscription Act into law on March 3, 1863.
  • Abraham Lincoln named George Meade to command Union forces in the East on June 28, 1863.
  • Abraham Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address on November 19, 1863.
  • Abraham Lincoln issued his initial plans for reconstruction on December 8, 1863.
  • Abraham Lincoln named Ulysses S. Grant to command all Union forces on March 9, 1864.
  • Abraham Lincoln pocket vetoed the Wade-Davis Bill, which established a strict reconstruction policy, in July 1864.
  • Abraham Lincoln was elected to his second term as President of the United States on November 8, 1864.
  • Abraham Lincoln attended an unsuccessful peace conference with CSA delegates at Hampton Roads, Virginia on February 3, 1865.
  • Abraham Lincoln delivered his second inaugural address on March 4, 1865.
  • Abraham Lincoln made his last public speech on April 11, 1865,
  • Abraham Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth while attending a play at Ford’s Theater in Washington on April 14, 1865.
  • Abraham Lincoln died at 7:22 a.m. on April 15, 1865, from a gunshot wound to the head inflicted by assassin John Wilkes Booth the night before.
  • Abraham Lincoln was buried at Oak Ridge Cemetery, near Springfield, Illinois, on May 4, 1865.
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Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Abraham Lincoln - Facts
  • Coverage February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865
  • Author
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date August 11, 2022
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update July 21, 2022
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