American Revolutionary War — January to June, 1775

January–June, 1775

The American Revolutionary War started in April 1775. This timeline covers important moments that took place from January to June 1775, including political events and military raids, skirmishes, and battles that affected the course of the war and the transformation of the 13 United Colonies to the United States of America.

American Revolutionary War Timeline, 1775, January-June

This painting by Howard Pyle depicts the Battle of Lexington. Image Source: Google Arts & Culture.

1775, January

January 18 — Georgia Provincial Congress

Georgia — The Georgia Provincial Congress met for the first time. The delegates were from five parishes that supported the Patriot Cause. The Congress met in Savanah and expressed its support for Massachusetts. However, the seven Loyalist parishes in Georgia kept the colony from sending delegates to Philadelphia for the first meeting of the Second Continental Congress.

January 27 — Lord Dartmouth’s Orders

London, England — Secretary of State for the Colonies William Legge, Lord Dartmouth, wrote a letter to General Thomas Gage, ordering him to enforce the Crown’s authority in Boston. Gage oversaw 4,000 troops and 460 Royal Marines from four warships. The Royal Marines were under the command of Major John Pitcairn.

1775, February

February 1 — William Pitt delivered a speech in Parliament and asked for the repeal of the Intolerable Acts, remove troops from Boston, and make concessions regarding taxation. Edmund Burke seconded Pitt’s recommendations, however, the plan was defeated by a wide margin.

February 6John Adams published The Rule of Law and the Rule of Men in the Massachusetts Gazette. Adams argued the colonial legislatures held authority over Parliament.

February 9 — King George III declared Massachusetts was in a state of rebellion.

February 20 — Second Massachusetts Provincial Congress

Concord, Massachusetts — The Second Provincial Congress met and worked to organize Massachusetts defenses. They set up a military commissary, made plans to enlist the Stockbridge Indians, established guidelines for military governance, and asked neighboring colonies for reinforcements and supplies.

February 26 — Leslie’s Retreat

Salem, Massachusetts — General Thomas Gage sent Colonel Alexander Leslie to Salem to seize cannons that were hidden in the town. The Salem Militia hid the cannons and confronted Leslie and his men when they arrived. After a brief confrontation, an agreement was reached that allowed Leslie to carry out his orders and then leave (see Leslie’s Retreat).

February 27 — Lord North’s Conciliatory Resolution

London — Despite rejecting William Pitt’s plan, Parliament approved a resolution put forth by Frederick North. In the resolution, Parliament agreed to end taxation, provided each colony funded its own defenses. The resolution was addressed to each colony, not the Continental Congress. Parliament refused to acknowledge the Congress as a legal authority, even though the colonies had accepted it as a de facto government.

1775, March

March 10Daniel Boone left Fort Chiswell, Virginia, leading a group of settlers to Kentucky. Boone would follow the path he cut through the frontier, known as the Wilderness Road.

March 23 — Give Me Liberty, or Give Me Death

Virginia — The Virginia Convention of Delegates, reacting to events in Massachusetts, discussed defense strategies. Patrick Henry became Colonel of the 1st Virginia Regiment. He condemned the action of Governor John Murray, Lord Dunmore, and declared, “Forbid it, Almighty God—I know not what course others may take; but as for me—give me liberty or give me death!”

March 25 — The Virginia Convention ordered each county to raise, equip, and train a company of infantry or cavalry.

March 30 — New England Restraining Act

London — King George III approved the New England Restraining Act. The act prohibited the New England Colonies from trading with anyone but England and from fishing in certain areas in the Atlantic Ocean. The act also included any colony that joined the Continental Association.

March 30 — Percy’s March

Boston, Massachusetts — General Thomas Gage dispatched 1,200 British soldiers led by Colonel Hugh Percy from Boston along the Charles River to display strength. The alarm was raised in the countryside, and local militia took defensive positions at river crossings and removed planks from bridges to impede the British march. Percy returned to Boston. The incident led the Massachusetts Provincial Congress to issue rules for raising the alarm and assembling the militia.

1775, April

April 1 — The New York Assembly required all males of military age to enlist in the New York Militia.

April 5 — New England Army

Massachusetts — The Massachusetts Provincial Congress adopted 52 Articles of War, based on the 1765 British Articles of War. It also organized the New England Army, also known as the Provisional Army. It included 30,000 men from the New England Colonies, along with captured British cannons. Soon after, troops from New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Rhode Island started to gather at Concord, New Hampshire.

April 8 — Josiah Martin, the Governor of North Carolina, dissolved the North Carolina Assembly. Soon after, he left North Carolina and sailed to New York.

April 14 — General Thomas Gage received his instructions from Lord Dartmouth, authorizing the use of military force in Massachusetts and directing him to arrest leaders of the Patriot Cause.

April 14 — In Philadelphia, Benjamin Franklin and Benjamin Rush established The Society for the Relief of Free Negroes Unlawfully Held in Bondage at Philadelphia. It was the first Abolition Society in America (see Abolition in Colonial America).

April 15 — General Thomas Gage started to make preparations to send an expedition to Concord, Massachusetts to seize and destroy military supplies hidden in the town. He issued orders to the Boston Garrison to select 700 light infantrymen and grenadiers from the elite flank companies for the mission. Despite Gage’s effort to keep the expedition a secret, the movements of ships and troops were noticed by the Patriot Spy Network in Boston and reported to Joseph Warren, head of the Committee of Safety.

April 16 — Paul Revere’s First Ride to Lexington

Boston and Lexington, Massachusetts — Joseph Warren sent Paul Revere to Lexington with a message for John Hancock and Samuel Adams, warning them the British were planning to send troops to Concord. On his ride back to Boston, Revere stopped in Charlestown where he told Patriots he would hang lanterns in the steeple of the North Church to signal whether the British were moving by land (one lantern) or by sea (two lanterns).

April 16 — Following Revere’s ride to Lexington, the Patriots in Worcester, Massachusetts relocated military supplies hidden in their town.

April 18 — Lexington Alarm and the Midnight Rides

Essex and Middlesex Counties, Massachusetts — On the night of April 18, General Thomas Gage issued orders to Lieutenant Colonel Francis Smith (see Gage’s Orders to Smith) to lead the expedition to Concord, where he was to seize and destroy military supplies hidden in the town.

When the Patriot Spy Network in Boston learned about the expedition, Joseph Warren sent two Express Riders — Paul Revere and William Dawes — to warn Patriot leaders in Lexington and Concord. Revere and Dawes raised the “Lexington Alarm” along the way, and were joined later by Samuel Prescott. They were apprehended by a British Patrol. Revere was captured (see Revere’s Midnight Ride), Dawes escaped but lost his horse, and Prescott escaped and made it to Concord, where he warned militia leaders that the British were on the way.

Midnight Ride of Paul Revere, 1775, Painting, Kendrick
This 1900 painting by Charles Kendrick depicts Paul Revere warning people during his Midnight Ride. Image Source: American Antiquarian Society.

April 19 — Battles of Lexington

Lexington, Massachusetts — Lieutenant Colonel Smith sent Major John Pitcairn ahead of the main body, so he could occupy the bridges in Concord. Upon arrival in Lexington, Pitcairn found Captain John Parker and the Lexington Militia assembled. Pitcairn ordered them to disperse. As they did, a shot rang out and Pitcairn’s men opened fire on the Americans (see Battle of Lexington). After order was restored, the British expedition continued to Concord.

Battle of Lexington, 1775, Doolittle, Plate 1 Detail, NYPL
This engraving by Amos Doolittle depicts the Battle of Lexington. Image Source: New York Public Library Digital Collections.

April 19 — Concord Fight

Concord, Massachusetts — At Concord, militia forces from several towns gathered on a hill overlooking the town. The British carried out the search for military supplies and burned some of what they found. The Americans, believing the British were burning the town, organized and marched to the North Bridge. The British forces guarding the bridge fired on them (see Battle of Concord). Major John Buttrick to return fire — the “Shot Heard ‘Round the World.” The British were routed and withdrew to the center of town.

Concord Fight, 1775, Doolittle, Plate 3 Detail, North Bridge, NYPL
This Doolittle engraving depicts the Concord Fight at the North Bridge. Image Source: New York Public Library Digital Collections.

April 19 — Meriam’s Corner

East of Concord, Massachusetts — Lieutenant Colonel Smith organized his men and started the march back to Boston. About a mile east of Concord, American militia forces attacked en masse, at Meriam’s Corner. From that point on, the Americans harassed the British, firing at them from behind walls, trees, and buildings.

April 19 — Parker’s Revenge

West of Lexington, Massachusetts — After the British left Lexington, Captain John Parker assembled his men just west of town and waited for the British to return. When the British column came into sight, the Americans opened fire (see Parker’s Revenge). The British made their way to Lexington, where they were joined by reinforcements led by General Hugh Percy. Both Smith and Pitcairn were wounded, so Percy took command of the march.

April 19 — Battle of Menotomy

Menotomy, Massachusetts — Percy led the march through West Cambridge, where the most intense fighting of the day took place. At least a dozen men lost their lives at the Jason Russell House, and elderly Samuel Whittemore was bayoneted and left for dead by British troops. Whittemore survived and lived until 1783.

April 19 — Siege of Boston

Boston, Massachusetts — American forces, under the command of General William Heath, remain in the around Boston, most gathering in the area of Cambridge. With Boston Neck blocked, the British were effectively cut off from leaving by land.

April 20 — Upon hearing the news of the Battles of Lexington and Concord, General Israel Putnam rode from Connecticut to Cambridge. The legendary ride covers 100 miles in 18 hours.

April 21 — General Artemas Ward assumed command of the Provincial Army gathering at Cambridge, Massachusetts, with General William Heath and General John Thomas as his primary officers. It is estimated that 13,000–14,000 men congregated around Boston.

April 21 — Colonel John Stark and his New Hampshire Militiamen arrived at Cambridge, Massachusetts, and joined the Siege of Boston.

April 21 — Virginia Gunpowder Incident

Williamsburg, Virginia — In Virginia, Governor John Murray, Lord Dunmore, ordered Royal Marines to remove gunpowder and military supplies from the storehouse in Williamsburg. Virginians did not know hostilities had started in Massachusetts (see Virginia Gunpowder Incident).

April 21 — Charleston Magazine Raid

Charleston, South Carolina — Patriots known as the “Secret Committee” seized military supplies from a storehouse in Charleston. This was the first act of resistance against the British government in South Carolina.

April 23 — Acting on suggestions from General Artemas Ward, the Massachusetts Provincial Congress formally organized the “Army of Observation” to keep the British trapped in Boston. John Thomas, Joseph Warren, and John Whitcomb serve as Major Generals under Ward.

April 23 — New York Raid

New York, New York — Upon hearing about the Battles of Lexington and Concord, Lieutenant Colonel Marinus Willett led a contingent of New York Militia in a raid on the public arsenal. Willett and his men seized and removed weapons.

April 28Colonel Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys gathered at Castleton, in present-day Vermont. Together, they discussed going to Fort Ticonderoga to capture the fort and seize the artillery and cannons.

April 29 — The Massachusetts Provincial Congress sent copies of its official report about the Battles of Lexington and Concord to England via the ship Quero.

April 29Major Benedict Arnold and his contingent of Connecticut Militia arrived in Cambridge, Massachusetts, to join the Siege of Boston.

1775, May

May 2 — In Virginia, Colonel Patrick Henry directed Patriot forces toward Williamsburg, where Lord Dunmore was forced to compensate the colony for the gunpower he seized on April 21.

May 3 — Benjamin Franklin arrived in Philadelphia. He was appointed as a delegate to the Second Continental Congress on May 4.

May 3 — In Massachusetts, Benedict Arnold convinced the Massachusetts Committee of Safety to allow him to organize an expedition to capture Fort Ticonderoga. Arnold was made a Colonel in the Massachusetts Militia and authorized to raise 400 volunteers.

May 5 — The 16-gun British sloop HMS Falcon, commanded by Captain John Linzee, captured an American sloop off Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts. Linzee anchored at the town of Dartmouth and seized another sloop. The townspeople responded by sailing two sloops out to attack the Falcon. After a brief engagement, the Americans recaptured the ships and took more than a dozen British crewmen as prisoners. The Falcon escaped.

May 8 — A force of 100 Green Mountain Boys led by Colonel Ethan Allen departed Castleton, Vermont, with the intent of seizing the cannon and stores held at Fort Ticonderoga, New York. Colonel Benedict Arnold caught up with them and tried to take command of the expedition. The Green Mountain Boys refused to follow his orders but agreed to let Arnold join the expedition.

May 8 — The South Carolina Assembly responded to the news of the Battles of Lexington and Concord by authorizing the recruitment of two infantry regiments and a contingent of rangers.

May 9 — An incident known as “Thompons’ War” took place in Portland, District of Maine (present-day Falmouth, Massachusetts). Militia forces led by Samuel Thompson captured Lieutenant Henry Mowat, commander of the HMS Canceaux. A standoff ensued when the Canceaux threatened to bombard the town and more militiamen arrived. The townspeople negotiated Mowat’s release and allowed him to return to the ship. However, when he demanded Thompson’s arrest, he was refused and forced to leave on May 15.

May 9 — As American forces prepared to capture Fort Ticonderoga, a contingent was sent to capture ships from the small town of Skenesboro, New York.

May 10 — Capture of Fort Ticonderoga

Fort Ticonderoga, New York — Colonel Ethan Allen and Colonel Benedict Arnold led roughly 83 men in a surprise attack on Fort Ticonderoga. They surprised the small garrison and Allen demanded they surrender. The fort’s commander, Captain William De La Place, complied, giving America its first victory of the American Revolutionary War (see Capture of Fort Ticonderoga).

Capture of Fort Ticonderoga, Allen and Delaplace, Chappel
Ethan Allen confronts William De La Place, commander of the fort. Image Source: Fort Ticonderoga, Online Collections.

May 10 — In New York City, Alexander Hamilton rescued Dr. Myles Cooper from an angry mob. Cooper was a Loyalist and the President of King’s College (present-day Columbia University).

May 10 — The Second Continental Congress convened in Philadelphia. The delegates were divided over independence and reconciliation with Great Britain.

May 11 — Patriot forces seized gunpowder in Savannah, Georgia.

May 12Seth Warner led American forces to the British fort at Crown Point, near Fort Ticonderoga. Warner and his men easily captured the fort and the small British garrison (9 soldiers and their families. Crown Point was eventually used by the Americans as a staging point for the Invasion of Quebec.

May 13 — General Artemas Ward marched part of the New England Army of Observation from Cambridge to Charlestown and back to Cambridge. When the British did not attack, General Israel Putnam led roughly 3,000 men to Charlestown Heights. Again, the British did not respond, so Putnam withdrew.

May 11 — Battle off Fairhaven

Fairhaven, Massachusetts — The HMS Falcon seized two American ships. On May 14, a group of men from Fairhaven, Massachusetts armed the the sloop Success with two swivel guns and engaged the Falcon. The Americans recaptured one of the ships and then attacked the Falcon. The Falcon’s crew was overwhelmed and taken as prisoners. This incident is considered to be the first naval battle of the American Revolutionary War.

May 14 — The American troops returned to Fort Ticonderoga from Skenesboro, having captured a schooner. Benedict Arnold gathered 50 men and set sail for Fort St. John.

May 15 — The Continental Congress advised all colonies to prepare for hostilities. Congress started to draw up plans to defend New York City and Richard Henry Lee proposed the establishment of a “Congressional Army.”

May 16 — Massachusetts started to draft the first state constitution.

May 17 — Benedict Arnold and his men arrived at Fort St. John. They surprised the small British garrison (10 soldiers) and captured a small sloop (ship), George III, which was renamed Enterprise. Arnold destroyed British bateaux, rescued American prisoners, and captured supplies. After Arnold departed, Ethan Allen arrived and tried to occupy the fort, but British troops from Fort Chambly arrived and attacked. Allen escaped, but some of his men were taken as prisoners. Allen and the others returned to Fort Ticonderoga.

May 17 — In Boston Harbor, an American ship, the Franklin, led by Captain James Mungford, captured the Hope, a British transport ship carrying military stores. The weapons and gunpowder were sent to the Army of Observation.

May 17 — The New York Provincial Congress was established.

May 18Peyton Randolph of Virginia was elected President of the Continental Congress. Charles Thomson was elected Secretary. News of the capture of Fort Ticonderoga arrived, creating some hope that Quebec would join the Patriot Cause as the 14th Colony.

May 21 — Skirmish at Grape Island Starts the Provision War

Massachusetts — The British Garrison in Boston needed fresh provisions, so General Thomas Gage and Admiral Samuel Graves organized an expedition to gather livestock and supplies from the islands around Boston, including Grape Island. The island was owned by a Loyalist who agreed to provide hay and livestock for the Garrison.

On May 21, Admiral Graves sent some ships, carrying about 100 troops, to retrieve the supplies. After the ships anchored near Great Hill, rumors spread that the soldiers were burning Weymouth, Massachusetts, and American forces gathered. From his headquarters in Roxbury, Massachusetts, General John Thomas ordered men to go to Grape Island and stop the British from retrieving the supplies. 

When the Americans arrived, they were unable to cross over to the island but moved as close as they could and started firing on the British, who were in the process of removing the hay. One of the British ships fired at the Americans but missed. The back-and-forth firing continued for a few hours until the tide came in.

This allowed the Americans to board some small boats and cross over to the island. When the British saw the Americans coming, they withdrew. The Americans proceeded to burn approximately 80 tons of hay, a barn, and removed any surviving livestock.

This started the “Provision War” that was part of the Siege of Boston.

May 24 — Peyton Randolph resigned as President of Congress, and was replaced by John Hancock. Randolph returned to Virginia to carry out his duties as Speaker of the House of Burgesses.

May 25 — British reinforcements arrived at Boston, including General John Burgoyne, General Henry Clinton, and General William Howe. Upon arrival, the Boston Garrison increases to 6,500 troops.

May 25 — Congress decided to fortify Kingsbridge, the Hudson Highlands, and Lake George with at least 3,000 troops.

May 26 — General Artemas Ward sent Captain John Nixon and 30 men to Hog Island and Noddle’s Island in Boston Harbor to remove livestock.

May 27 — Battle of Chelsea Creek

Boston — General Artemas Ward sent an expedition, led by Colonel John Stark of New Hampshire, to remove supplies from Noddle’s Island. The Americans successfully removed provisions and livestock from Noddle’s Island, but drew attention when they set fire to hay on Hog Island. Admiral Samuel Graves sent some ships, including the HMS Diana, carrying Marines, to drive the Americans away. Stark and his men withdrew when the Diana approached, but the ship, commanded by Lieutenant Thomas Graves,  ran aground. After American reinforcements arrived, led by General Israel Putnam, the Americans attacked the ship, forcing the crew to evacuate. The Americans proceeded to loot the Diana and burn it.

May 31 — Congress voted to abandon Fort Ticonderoga. However, the decision is overturned after protests from New York and the New England Colonies.

May 31 — A committee met in Charlotte, North Carolina, and drafted 20 resolutions for its delegates in the Congress at Philadelphia. The resolutions included the suspension of royal and parliamentary and reaffirmed the supremacy of colonial legislatures. The “Mecklenburg Declarations” were ever presented to Congress.

May 31 — Josiah Martin, Governor of North Carolina, fled from New Bern to safety on the HMS Cruizer on the Cape Fear River.

1775, June

June 2 — The Massachusetts Provincial Congress asked the Continental Congress to take over the New England Army of Observation. 

June 5 — In Williamsburg, Virginia, a mob attacked the arsenal and removed approximately 400 muskets.

June 6 — In New York City, Lieutenant Colonel Marinus Willett and members of the New York Sons of Liberty seized five wagonloads of weapons from British soldiers, who were trying to move them out of the city.

June 7 — American forces captured a British magazine at Turtle Bay, New York. The operation was not approved by the New York Provincial Congress.

June 9General Guy Carleton declared martial law in Canada, suspended all administrative provisions of the Quebec Act, and started recruiting volunteers to increase his forces.

June 10 — John Adams proposed the organization of an army for the American Colonies.

June 11–12 – Battle of Machias

Machias, Maine — On June 2, three British ships — the Unity, the Polly, and the Margaretta — arrived at Machias to purchase lumber for the British troops in Boston. The Unity was under the command of Captain Ichabod Jones. By June 6, some of the townspeople felt that Jones was not trading daily with them. They also discovered the lumber was going to be used to build barracks for the British Garrison. 

On Sunday, June 11, the commanding officer of the Margaretta, Midshipman James Moore, was attending church services when some of the townspeople tried to kidnap him. Moore escaped through a window, returned to his ship, and opened fire on the town. The townspeople returned fire from the shore.

The Alarm was raised and men from neighboring towns responded. That night, the men organized a militia company and devised a plan to capture the British ships.

The next morning, the militia sailed up to the Margaretta, which sailed a short distance away and then opened fire on the militia’s boat. The militia sailed to the Margaretta and a battle ensued, during which Midshipman Moore was mortally wounded. The Americans captured the Margaretta and took the crew as prisoners.

June 12 — Governor Thomas Gage proclaimed martial law in Massachusetts, and offered pardons to any “rebels” who agreed to lay down their arms and return home — except for Samuel Adams and John Hancock.

June 12 — Rhode Island established the first colonial navy (see 1775 Operations in Narragansett Bay).

June 14 — Birth of the United States Army

Philadelphia — The Continental Congress authorized companies of riflemen to be raised from Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia, establishing the Continental Army. A committee was appointed to draw up the rules and regulations for the new army. The committee includes George Washington and Philip Schuyler. Congress also agrees to take control of the New England Army of Observation.

June 14 — In Boston, Thomas Gage approved a plan to seize Dorchester Heights. The move was intended to give the Boston Garrison more “elbow room” and to potentially launch an attack on American forces at Cambridge.

June 15 — Spies notified the Massachusetts Provincial Congress that the British intended to occupy Dorchester Heights. Congress ordered General Artemas Ward to send troops to occupy Bunker Hill, overlooking the Charlestown Peninsula and Boston Harbor.

June 15 — George Washington Nominated as Commander-in-Chief

Philadelphia — John Adams nominated George Washington to be General and Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army. In a unanimous vote, Congress approved the nomination. Congress also authorized the commissioning of two Major Generals, five Brigadier Generals, and various officers for administrative duties.

June 15 — The Rhode Island Navy, led by Commodore Abraham Whipple, engaged and captured a British ship on the Providence River.

June 16 — American forces built a redoubt on Breed’s Hill on the Charlestown Peninsula. Colonel Richard Gridley oversaw the construction of the fortifications, while 1,200 American troops occupied Bunker Hill and Breed’s Hill. The troops were led by Colonel William Prescott and General Israel Putnam. When the threat of hostilities increased, Colonel John Stark, Colonel Thomas Knowlton, and General Seth Pomeroy led troops to positions on the peninsula.

June 16 — The Continental Congress commissioned Charles Lee, Israel Putnam, Philip Schuyler, and Artemas Ward as Major Generals. Three more Brigadier Generals were also authorized to give more geographical balance to the command structure of the new army. Congress also started to formalize the army by establishing units and troop strengths and authorizing the appointment of an engineer, adjutant general, paymaster, commissary general, and quartermaster.

June 17 — Battle of Bunker Hill

Charlestown Peninsula — British forces, led by General William Howe and General Robert Pigot, launched a ground assault on the American redoubt on Breed’s Hill. The Americans successfully repulsed two attacks but ran out of ammunition. When a third assault was made, the British overran the redoubt, forcing the Americans to evacuate. As they fled, General Joseph Warren was killed. Despite the victory, the British suffered heavy losses, including the death of Major John Pitcairn.

Battle of Bunker Hill, 1775, Death of Warren, Trumbull, Yale
This painting by John Trumbull depicts the death of Joseph Warren at the Battle of Bunker Hill. Image Source: Yale University Art Gallery.

June 17 — During the Battle of Bunker Hill, American troops took cover in abandoned homes in Charlestown. From there, they fired on the left wing of the British army as it moved into position to attack the American redoubt on Breed’s Hill. General William Howe ordered Admiral Samuel Graves to bombard Charlestown, which set many of the buildings on fire.

June 20 — Congress ordered George Washington to go to Boston and take command of the Continental Army. Before leaving Philadelphia, Washington conducted the first military review of American forces when he reviewed Philadephia Militia Companies.

June 20 — Thomas Jefferson arrived in Philadelphia and joined Congress, replacing Peyton Randolph.

June 21 — Rhode Island appointed Nathanael Greene to the rank of Brigadier General.

June 22 —  Congress authorized $2 million in paper money — the first Continental Currency — to be printed and distributed to help raise arms and supplies for the Continental Army. Congress pledged all bills of credit would be redeemed, however, the money devalued over the next six years, leading to the slogan, “Not worth a Continental.” 

June 22Daniel Morgan was commissioned as a Captain in one of the Virginia Rifle Companies recruited in Frederick County, Virginia. The riflemen start their 600-mile journey to join the Continental Army outside Boston, Massachusetts.

June 22 — Georgia established a Committee of Safety.

June 23 — General George Washington and his companions, including Philip Schuyler, Charles Lee, and Thomas Mifflin, departed Philadelphia for New York.

June 25 — The Continental Congress appointed General Philip Schuyler commander of the Northern Department in New York. 

June 26 — General George Washington, en route to Boston, declared his intention to resign from the military and live as a private citizen after hostilities ended.

June 26 — A congressional committee, tasked with composing A Declaration on Taking up Arms on June 23, delivered the first draft, which was rejected. Thomas Jefferson and John Dickinson were added to the committee and work continued.

June 27 — Congress authorized General Philip Schuyler to invade Canada.

June 30 — Congress approved 69 Articles of War as regulations for the Continental Army. They were based on the 1765 British Articles of War.

Citation Information

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  • Article Title American Revolutionary War — January to June, 1775
  • Date January–June, 1775
  • Author
  • Keywords American Revolutionary War, Timeline, 1775, Events, Raids, Battles, Skirmishes
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date June 21, 2024
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update May 27, 2024

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