Portrait of General Winfield Scott

On March 3, 1861, the day before President Abraham Lincoln’s inauguration, General Scott proposed four alternatives for dealing with the secession crisis. The second option, later known as the Anaconda Plan, recommended isolating the states in secession with a naval blockade. [Wikimedia Commons]

Anaconda Plan (1861) Facts

1861

Key facts about General Winfield Scott's Anaconda Plan.

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Much of General Winfield Scott’s Anaconda Plan is documented in a March 3, 1861, report to incoming Secretary of State William Seward.

Much of General Winfield Scott’s Anaconda Plan is documented in a May 3, 1861, letter to Major General George B. McClellan.

Two main elements of the Anaconda Plan were a naval blockade of southern seaports and seizing control of the Mississippi.

Major General George B. McClellan disdainfully likened General Winfield Scott’s passive approach to subduing the southern rebellion to the strangulation tactics employed by boa constrictors. Seizing upon McClellan’s derisive comparison, Northern newspaper editors began to sarcastically refer to Scott’s proposal as the Anaconda Plan.

Two of the primary elements of General Winfield Scott’s recommendations to suppress the southern rebellion – the naval blockade of Southern ports and the subjugation of the Mississippi River – eventually became two of the decisive factors that ended the Civil War.

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Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Anaconda Plan (1861) Facts
  • Coverage 1861
  • Author
  • Keywords Anaconda Plan
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date November 28, 2021
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update February 17, 2021
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