Lee Surrenders at Appomattox Court House by Thomas Nast

Lee Surrenders at Appomattox Court House by Thomas Nast [Wikimedia]

Appomattox Campaign Facts

March 29 – April 12, 1865

Key facts about the American Civil War Appomattox Campaign.


  • March 29–April 9, 1865


  • South Central Virginia

Notable engagements:

  • Battle of Lewis’s Farm (March 29, 1865)
  • Battle of White Oak Road (March 31)
  • Battle of Dinwiddie Court House (March 31)
  • Battle of Five Forks (April 1)
  • Third Battle of Petersburg (April 2)
  • Battle of Sutherland’s Station (April 2)
  • Battle of Namozine Church (April 3)
  • Battle of Amelia Springs (April 5-6)
  • Battle of Sailor’s Creek (April 6)
  • Battle of Rice’s Station (April 6)
  • Battle of Cumberland Church (April 7)
  • Battle of High Bridge (April 6–7)
  • Battle of Appomattox Station (April 8)
  • Battle of Appomattox Court House (April 9)

Principal Union commander(s):

  • Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant
  • Major General George G. Meade
  • Major General Edward Ord
  • Major General Philip Sheridan

Principal Confederate commander(s):

  • General Robert E. Lee
  • Lieutenant General James Longstreet
  • Major General John B. Gordon
  • Lieutenant General A. P. Hill
  • Lieutenant General Richard H. Anderson
  • Major General Fitzhugh Lee
  • Lieutenant General Richard S. Ewell

Union forces engaged:

  • Army of the Potomac
  • Army of the James
  • Army of the Shenandoah

Confederate forces engaged:

  • Army of Northern Virginia

Number of Union soldiers engaged:

  • Roughly 114,335

Number of Confederate soldiers engaged:

  • Roughly 40–45,000

Estimated Union casualties:

  • 10,780

Estimated Confederate casualties:

  • 40–45,000 (killed, wounded, captured/surrendered) (28,251 surrendered at Appomattox Court House)


  • Union victory


The Appomattox Campaign ended when Robert E. Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia to Ulysses S. Grant on April 9, 1865.

Lee’s surrender at Appomattox Court House did not end the Civil War, as is oftentimes erroneously believed.

Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Appomattox Campaign Facts
  • Coverage March 29 – April 12, 1865
  • Author
  • Website Name American History Central
  • URL
  • Access Date April 7, 2020
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update January 9, 2020

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