Important facts, participants, and timeline of the Appomattox Campaign, which took place from March to April 1865. It ended with the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia, under the command of Robert E. Lee, to Union forces led by Ulysses S. Grant.
Facts and Details
Key facts and important details about the Appomattox Campaign of 1865 for kids doing research and students studying for the AP U.S. History (APUSH) exam.
Date and Location of the Appomattox Campaign
Date: March 29–April 9, 1865.
Location: South Central Virginia.
Appomattox Court House National Historical Park is located in Appomattox, Virginia.
Key Officers Involved in the Appomattox Campaign
The main Union officers that participated in the campaign were:
- Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant
- Major General George G. Meade
- Major General Edward Ord
- Major General Philip Sheridan
The main Confederate officers that participated in the campaign were:
- General Robert E. Lee
- Lieutenant General James Longstreet
- Major General John B. Gordon
- Lieutenant General A. P. Hill
- Lieutenant General Richard H. Anderson
- Major General Fitzhugh Lee
- Lieutenant General Richard S. Ewell
Armies Involved in the Appomattox Campaign
The Union armies engaged in the Appomattox Campaign were:
- Army of the Potomac
- Army of the James
- Army of the Shenandoah
The estimated strength of the Union forces that participated is 114, 335 soldiers.
The Confederate armies engaged in the Appomattox Campaign were:
- Army of Northern Virginia
The estimated strength of the Confederate forces that participated is 40–45,000 soldiers.
Estimated Casualties of the Appomattox Campaign
Union casualties are estimated to be around 10,780.
Confederate casualties are estimated to be around 40–45,000 (killed, wounded, captured/surrendered). Roughly 28,251 surrendered at Appomattox Court House.
Timeline of the Appomattox Campaign
These are the main battles and events of the Appomattox Campaign in chronological order.
- March 29, 1865 — Battle of Lewis’s Farm
- March 31, 1865 — Battle of White Oak Road
- March 31, 1865 — Battle of Dinwiddie Court House
- April 1, 1865 — Battle of Five Forks
- April 2, 1865 — Third Battle of Petersburg
- April 2, 1865 — Battle of Sutherland’s Station
- April 3, 1865 — Battle of Namozine Church
- April 5–6, 1865 — Battle of Amelia Springs
- April 6, 1865 — Battle of Sailor’s Creek
- April 6, 1865 — Battle of Rice’s Station
- April 7, 1865 — Battle of Cumberland Church
- April 6–7, 1865 — Battle of High Bridge
- April 8, 1865 — Battle of Appomattox Station
- April 9, 1865 — Battle of Appomattox Court House
- April 9, 1865 — Surrender at Appomattox Court House
Result of the Appomattox Campaign
The result of the Appomattox Campaign was a significant Union victory.
The impact of the Appomattox Campaign was that it ended the participation of Robert E. Lee and the Army of Northern Virginia in the Civil War, which paved the way for the end of the Civil War.
- The Appomattox Campaign ended when Robert E. Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia to Ulysses S. Grant on April 9, 1865.
- Lee’s surrender at Appomattox Court House did not end the Civil War, as is oftentimes erroneously believed.
Additional Resources for the Appomattox Campaign
If you are looking for more information about the Appomattox Campaign we have additional content American History Central for research, reference, and APUSH resources.