Portrait of Samuel R. Curtis

Samuel R. Curtis commanded the Army of the Frontier from December 25, 1861 – August 29, 1862 [Wikimedia Commons]

Army of the Southwest (USA) Facts

December 25, 1861–December 13, 1862

Key facts about the Union Army of the Southwest.

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Also Known As

  • Army of Southwest Missouri

Formation Date

  • December 25, 1861

Dissolution Date

  • December 13, 1862

Commanders

Notable Engagements

Significance:

  • Samuel R. Curtis commanded the Army of the Frontier from December 25, 1861–August 29, 1862
  • Frederick Steele commanded the Army of the Frontier from August 29, 1862–October 7, 1862
  • Eugene A. Carr commanded the Army of the Frontier from October 7, 1862–November 12, 1862
  • Willis A. Gorman commanded the Army of the Frontier from November 12, 1862–December 13, 1862
  • The Army of the Southwest operated as the primary force in the Military District of Southwest Missouri in 1862.
  • The Army of the Southwest never numbered more than 11,000 soldiers.
  • The soldiers of the Army of the Southwest were drawn mainly from Missouri. About one-half were German immigrants from St. Louis and eastern Missouri.
  • Major General Henry W. Halleck and Brigadier General Samuel R. Curtis organized the Army of the Southwest along ethnic lines.
  • The Army of the Southwest’s two most notable battles were Pea Ridge (March 7-8, 1862) and Cotton Plant (July 7, 1862).
  • On July 12, 1862, the Army of the Southwest occupied the Mississippi River port city of Helena, Arkansas.
  • By November 1862, the Army of the Southwest was a small disorganized force that existed as an army in name only.
  • On December 13, 1862, the Army of the Southwest merged with troops from the District of Eastern Arkansas, ending the existence of the Army of the Southwest.
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Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Army of the Southwest (USA) Facts
  • Coverage December 25, 1861–December 13, 1862
  • Author
  • Keywords army of the southwest
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date July 28, 2021
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update April 2, 2021
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