Key facts about General Sir Arthur Lyon Fremantle, a British army officer and author of Three Months in the Southern States, a popular book based upon his travels through the Confederate States during 1863.
- Arthur James Lyon Fremantle
- November 11, 1835
- Great Britain
- Major General John Fremantle and Ages (Lyon) Fremantle
- Sandhurst Miltary Academy
- Military officer, author
- General (British Army)
- Governor of Malta
- Mary Hall (1864)
Place of Death:
- Isle of Wight
Date of Death:
- September 25, 1901
Place of Burial:
- Woodvale Cemetery and Crematorium, East Sussex, England
- Arthur Fremantle was the son of Major General John Fremantle and Ages (Lyon) Fremantle.
- Arthur Fremantle’s father was a prominent British army officer.
- Arthur Fremantle graduated from Sandhurst, the initial training center for British army officers.
- Arthur Fremantle was a career officer in the British army.
- In 1863, Arthur Fremantle took a leave of absence and traveled to North America to witness action in the American Civil War.
- Arthur Fremantle arrived in Mexico on April 2, 1863, and entered the Confederacy in Texas.
- Arthur Fremantle traveled throughout the South from April 1863 to June 1863.
- During his travels, Arthur Fremantle met many Confederate dignitaries and army officers, including President Jefferson Davis, Secretary of State Judah P. Benjamin, Secretary of War James Seddon, and Generals Robert E. Lee, Joseph E. Johnston, James Longstreet, A. P. Hill, John Bell Hood, and Jeb Stuart.
- Arthur Fremantle was an eyewitness to the Battle of Gettysburg (July 1–July 3, 1863).
- After his travels through the Confederacy, Arthur Fremantle passed through Union lines in time to witness the draft riots in New York in July 1863.
- During his travels in North America, Arthur Fremantle kept a diary that he published in 1864 as a book entitled, Three Months in the Southern States.
- After a distinguished career in the British army, Arthur Fremantle died on September 25, 1901 on the Isle of Wight.
- Three-quarters of a decade after his death, Arthur Fremantle was popularized in author Michael Shaara’s 1974 historical novel, The Killer Angels, and its film adaptation, Gettysburg, which was released in 1993.
- Since 1993, Arthur Fremantle has been portrayed in historical re-enactments in the United States by Roger Hughes.