Arthur James Lyon Fremantle

November 11, 1835–September 25, 1901

General Sir Arthur Lyon Fremantle was a British army officer and author of Three Months in the Southern States, a popular book based upon his travels through the Confederate States of America during the spring and summer of 1863.

Arthur Lyon Fremantle, Civil War

Three-quarters of a decade after his death, Arthur Fremantle was popularized in author Michael Shaara’s 1974 historical novel, The Killer Angels, and its film adaptation, Gettysburg, which was released in 1993. [Wikimedia Commons]

Arthur Fremantle Quick Facts

  • Full Name — Arthur James Lyon Fremantle.
  • Born — November 11, 1835, in Great Britain.
  • Died — September 25, 1901, on the Isle of Wight.
  • Buried — Woodvale Cemetery and Crematorium, East Sussex, England.
  • Famous For — Traveling through the United States during the Civil War and documenting what he saw.

Early Life

Arthur Lyon Fremantle was a British citizen born on November 11, 1835. He was the son of Major General John Fremantle and Agnes Lyon. Like his father and grandfather before him, Fremantle graduated from Sandhurst, the initial training center for British army officers. In 1852, Fremantle began a long career in the British army, eventually reaching the rank of full general with the Coldstream Guards.

Civil War

Travels in the South

In 1863, Fremantle took a leave of absence to travel to North America to observe the American Civil War. He arrived in Mexico on April 2, 1863, and entered the Confederate States of America through Texas. During the next three months, Fremantle traveled extensively through the South. Throughout his journey, Fremantle kept a detailed diary of his observations. His journal documented meeting many Confederate dignitaries and army officers, including President Jefferson Davis, Secretary of State Judah P. Benjamin, Secretary of War James Seddon, and generals Robert E. Lee, Joseph E. Johnston, James Longstreet, A. P. Hill, John Bell Hood, and J. E. B. Stuart. Fremantle’s diary also recounts his eyewitness view of the Battle of Gettysburg (July 1-July 3, 1863).

Travels in the North

After his travels through the Confederacy, Fremantle passed through Union lines in time to witness the draft riots in New York in July 1863.

Author

When he returned to England, Fremantle published his diary in 1864, as a book titled Three Months in the Southern States. The book was popular in England until the Civil War ended.

Death

After a distinguished career in the British army, Fremantle died on the Isle of Wight on September 25, 1901.

Legacy

Three-quarters of a decade after his death, author Michael Shaara’s 1974 historical novel, The Killer Angels, and its 1993 film adaptation, Gettysburg, popularized Fremantle.

Interesting Facts About Arthur Fremantle

  • Arthur Fremantle was the son of Major General John Fremantle and Ages (Lyon) Fremantle.
  • Fremantle’s father was a prominent British army officer.
  • Fremantle graduated from Sandhurst, the initial training center for British army officers.
  • He was a career officer in the British Army.
  • In 1863, Arthur Fremantle took a leave of absence and traveled to North America to witness action in the American Civil War.
  • Fremantle arrived in Mexico on April 2, 1863, and entered the Confederacy in Texas.
  • He traveled throughout the South from April 1863 to June 1863.
  • During his travels, Fremantle met many Confederate dignitaries and army officers, including President Jefferson Davis, Secretary of State Judah P. Benjamin, Secretary of War James Seddon, and Generals Robert E. Lee, Joseph E. Johnston, James Longstreet, A. P. Hill, John Bell Hood, and Jeb Stuart.
  • He was an eyewitness to the Battle of Gettysburg (July 1–July 3, 1863).
  • After he traveled through the Confederacy, he passed through Union lines in time to witness the draft riots in New York in July 1863.
  • During his travels in North America, Fremantle kept a diary that he published in 1864 as a book entitled, Three Months in the Southern States.
  • He married Mary Hall in 1864.
  • After a distinguished career in the British army, Arthur Fremantle died on September 25, 1901, on the Isle of Wight.
  • After his death, Fremantle was popularized in author Michael Shaara’s 1974 historical novel, The Killer Angels, and its film adaptation, Gettysburg, which was released in 1993.

Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations, including APA Style, Chicago Style, and MLA Style.

  • Article Title Arthur James Lyon Fremantle
  • Date November 11, 1835–September 25, 1901
  • Author
  • Keywords arthur fremantle
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date June 21, 2024
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update January 12, 2024

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