Atlanta Campaign – Facts2019-04-27T12:41:58+00:00
Black and photo of William T. Sherman on horseback.

William T. Sherman on horseback during the Battle of Atlanta.

Atlanta Campaign Facts

May 7 – September 2, 1864

Key facts about the American Civil War Atlanta Campaign.

Date:

  • May 7–September 2, 1864

Location:

  • Northern Georgia

Notable engagements:

  • Battles of Rocky Face Ridge (May 7–13, 1864)
  • Resaca (May 13–15)
  • Adairsville (May 17)
  • New Hope Church (May 25–26)
  • Dallas (May 26 – June 1)
  • Pickett’s Mill (May 27)
  • Operations around Marietta (June 9 – July 3)
  • Kolb’s Farm (June 22)
  • Kennesaw Mountain (June 27)
  • Atlanta (July 22)
  • Ezra Church (July 28)
  • Utoy Creek (August 5–7)
  • Dalton (August 14–15)
  • Lovejoy’s Station (August 20)
  • Jonesborough (August 31 – September 1)

Principal Union commander(s):

  • Major General William T. Sherman (overall)
  • Major General James B. McPherson
  • Major General John M. Schofield
  • Major General George H. Thomas

Principal Confederate commander(s):

  • General Joseph E. Johnston
  • Lieutenant General John Bell Hood

Union forces engaged:

  • Military Division of the Mississippi (Army of the Tennessee, Army of the Ohio, Army of the Cumberland)

Confederate forces engaged:

  • Army of Tennessee

Number of Union soldiers engaged:

  • Roughly 98,500 to 112,000

Number of Confederate soldiers engaged:

  • Roughly 50,000–65,000

Estimated Union casualties:

  • 31,687 (4,423 killed, 22,822 wounded, 4,442 captured/missing)

Estimated Confederate casualties:

  • 34,979 (3,044 killed, 18,952 wounded,12,983 captured/missing)

Result:

  • Union victory

Significance:

  • On July 17, 1864, Confederate President Jefferson Davis relieved General Joseph E. Johnston of command of the Army of Tennessee and replaced him with Lieutenant General John Bell Hood.
  • Ended when Confederate General John Bell Hood ordered the Army of Tennessee to evacuate Atlanta on September 1, 1864, enabling Sherman to occupy the city on the next day.
  • The capture of Atlanta was an important factor in President Abraham Lincoln’s re-election.
  • The capture of Atlanta was somewhat blemished because Sherman allowed Hood’s army to escape.
  • The capture of Atlanta opened the door for Sherman’s “March to the Sea.”

Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Atlanta Campaign Facts
  • Coverage May 7 – September 2, 1864
  • Author
  • Website Name American History Central
  • URL
  • Access Date October 21, 2019
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update April 27, 2019

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