Black and photo of William T. Sherman on horseback.

William T. Sherman on horseback during the Battle of Atlanta.

Atlanta Campaign Facts

May 7–September 2, 1864

Key facts about the American Civil War Atlanta Campaign.

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Date and Location

  • May 7–September 2, 1864
  • Northern Virginia

Timeline of the Atlanta Campaign

These are the main battles and events of the Atlanta Campaign in order.

Principal Union Commanders

Principal Confederate Commanders

Union Forces Engaged

Confederate Forces Engaged

Number of Union Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 98,500 to 112,000

Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 50,000–65,000

Estimated Union Casualties

  • 31,687 (4,423 killed, 22,822 wounded, 4,442 captured/missing)

Estimated Confederate Casualties

  • 34,979 (3,044 killed, 18,952 wounded,12,983 captured/missing)

Result

  • Union victory

Significance

The Atlanta Campaign was a major success for the Union. The capture of Atlanta opened the door for Sherman’s “March to the Sea.”

  • On July 17, 1864, Confederate President Jefferson Davis relieved General Joseph E. Johnston of command of the Army of Tennessee and replaced him with Lieutenant General John Bell Hood.
  • Ended when Confederate General John Bell Hood ordered the Army of Tennessee to evacuate Atlanta on September 1, 1864, enabling Sherman to occupy the city on the next day.
  • The capture of Atlanta was an important factor in President Abraham Lincoln’s re-election.
  • The capture of Atlanta was somewhat blemished because Sherman allowed Hood’s army to escape.
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Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Atlanta Campaign Facts
  • Coverage May 7–September 2, 1864
  • Author
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date July 27, 2021
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update March 18, 2021
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