Ulysses S Grant, at Cold Harbor, Portrait

Fought on May 17, 1863, the Battle of Big Black River Bridge, was the final battle in Major General Ulysses S. Grant’s Vicksburg Campaign. Image Source: Wikipedia.

Battle of Big Black River Bridge Facts

May 17, 1863

Facts about the Battle of Big Black River Bridge, including dates, casualties, participants, who won, and more interesting facts you might not know. This fact sheet provides a quick overview of the battle and is for kids doing research and students preparing for the AP U.S. History (APUSH) exam.

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Quick Facts

  • Also Known As: The Battle of Big Black River Bridge is also called the Battle of Big Black.
  • Date Started: The Battle of Big Black River Bridge started on May 17, 1863.
  • Date Ended: The fighting ended on May 17, 1863.
  • Location: The battle took place east of Vicksburg, in Hinds County, Mississippi.
  • Who Won: The Union won the Battle of Big Black River Bridge.

Big Black River Bridge, Photograph

The Bridge the Confederates Burned at Big Black River. Image Source: Wikipedia.

Interesting Facts

  • The Union Army of the Tennessee fought against the Confederate Army of Mississippi.
  • The Union commander of the Army of the Tennessee during the battle was Major General Ulysses S. Grant.
  • The Confederate commander of the Army of Mississippi during the battle was was Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton.
  • The Union Army suffered 276 casualties.
  • The Confederate Army suffered 1,751 casualties. Roughly 1,700 were soldiers that the Union army captured.

Campaign

Principal Union Commanders

Principal Confederate Commanders

Union Forces Engaged

  • 13th Army Corps (Army of the Tennessee)

Confederate Forces Engaged

  • Bridgehead Defense Force (three brigades).

Number of Union Soldiers Engaged

  • Undetermined

Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 5,000

Estimated Union Casualties

  • 276 (killed, wounded, captured/missing)

Estimated Confederate Casualties

  • 1,751 (killed, wounded, captured/missing)

Result

  • Union victory

Outcome

The Union victory at the Battle of Big Black River Bridge made the fate of the Rebel soldiers who eluded capture and made it back to Vicksburg inevitable. Major General Ulysses S. Grant invested the city for the next six weeks before the Pemberton surrendered Vicksburg and his army on July 4, 1863.

Timeline of the Battle of Big Black River Ridge

These are the main battles and events that led to and followed the battle, in chronological order.

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Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Battle of Big Black River Bridge Facts
  • Coverage May 17, 1863
  • Author
  • Keywords Battle of Big Black River Bridge
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date May 27, 2022
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update April 21, 2022
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