Key facts about the Battle of Brandy Station, which occurred on June 9, 1863, in Culpeper County, Virginia, and was the largest cavalry engagement of the Civil War.
Also Known As
- The Battle of Fleetwood Hill
- June 9, 1863
- Culpeper County, Virginia, in and around the town of Brandy Station
Principal Union Commanders
- Major General Alfred Pleasonton
Principal Confederate Commanders
- Major General J.E.B. Stuart
Union Forces Engaged
- Cavalry Corps of the Army of the Potomac and infantry brigades from the 5th Corps (about 11,000 men)
Confederate Forces Engaged
- Five Confederate cavalry brigades (about 9,500 men) of the Army of Northern Virginia
Number of Union Soldiers Engaged
- Roughly 11,000
Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged
- Roughly 9,500
- 866 (killed, wounded and missing/captured)
- 575 (killed, wounded and missing/captured)
- Largest predominantly cavalry engagement of the American Civil War.
- First engagement of the Gettysburg Campaign.
- Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s son, Brigadier General William Henry Fitzhugh “Rooney” Lee was wounded and captured by Union forces while recovering two weeks later.