Key facts about the Battle of Brandy Station, which occurred on June 9, 1863, in Culpeper County, Virginia, and was the largest cavalry engagement of the Civil War.
Also Known As
- The Battle of Fleetwood Hill
Date and Location
- June 9, 1863
- Culpeper County, Virginia, in and around the town of Brandy Station
Principal Union Commanders
- Major General Alfred Pleasonton
Principal Confederate Commanders
- Major General J.E.B. Stuart
Union Forces Engaged
- Cavalry Corps of the Army of the Potomac and infantry brigades from the 5th Corps (about 11,000 men)
Confederate Forces Engaged
- Five Confederate cavalry brigades (about 9,500 men) of the Army of Northern Virginia
Number of Union Soldiers Engaged
- Roughly 11,000
Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged
- Roughly 9,500
- 866 (killed, wounded and missing/captured)
- 575 (killed, wounded and missing/captured)
- Largest predominantly cavalry engagement of the American Civil War.
- First engagement of the Gettysburg Campaign.
- Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s son, Brigadier General William Henry Fitzhugh “Rooney” Lee was wounded and captured by Union forces while recovering two weeks later.
Timeline of the Gettysburg Campaign
These are the main battles and events of the Gettysburg Campaign in order.
- June 9, 1863 — Battle of Brandy Station
- June 13 and June 15, 1863 — Second Battle of Winchester
- June 17, 1863 — Battle of Aldie
- June 11–June 19, 1863 — Battle of Middleburg
- June 21, 1863 — Battle of Upperville
- June 30, 1863 — Battle of Hanover
- July 1–3, 1863 — Battle of Gettysburg
- July 3, 1863 — Pickett’s Charge
- July 6–16, 1863 — Battle of Williamsport
- July 8, 1863 — Battle of Boonsboro
- July 23, 1863 — Battle of Manassas Gap