Black and white photograph of Stonewall Jackson.

The Battle of Brawner’s Farm pitted Confederate General Thomas J. Jackson’s Stonewall Brigade against the famous Union’s Iron Brigade. [Wikimedia Commons]

Battle of Brawner's Farm Facts

August 28, 1862

Key facts about the Battle of Brawner's Farm.

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Also Known As

  • Battle of Groveton

Date and Location

  • August 28, 1862
  • Prince William County, Virginia

Campaign

Principal Union Commanders

  • Brigadier General John Gibbon
  • Brigadier General Abner Doubleday
  • Brigadier General Rufus King

Principal Confederate Commanders

Union Forces Engaged

  • 2nd Brigade and 3rd Brigade (aka Iron Brigade) of the 1st Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Virginia

Confederate Forces Engaged

  • Winder’s Brigade (aka Stonewall Brigade) of Jackson’s Division, Left Wing, Army of Northern Virginia

Number of Union Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 2,800 (killed, wounded, captured/missing)

Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 3,000 (killed, wounded, captured/missing)

Estimated Union Casualties

  • 1,100

Estimated Confederate Casualties

  • 1,100

Result

  • Stalemate

Significance

  • Although relatively unheralded, the Battle of Brawner’s Farm was one of the bloodiest conflicts of the Civil War.
  • Fully one-third of the soldiers engaged during the Battle of Brawner’s Farm were killed or wounded.
  • Brigadier General John Gibbon’s brigade (later famously known as the Iron Brigade) suffered nearly 800 casualties at the Battle of Brawner’s Farm.
  • The renowned Stonewall Brigade sustained a forty percent casualty rate, losing 340 of 800 men engaged at the Battle of Brawner’s Farm.
  • After the fighting at the Battle of Brawner’s Farm, the Federals withdrew to join forces with General John Pope at Manassas Junction in time to take part in the larger clash at the Second Battle of Bull Run the next day.

Timeline of the Northern Virginia Campaign

These are the main battles and events of the Northern Virginia Campaign in order.

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Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Battle of Brawner's Farm Facts
  • Coverage August 28, 1862
  • Author
  • Keywords Battle of Brawner's Farm
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date July 27, 2021
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update March 14, 2021
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