Portrait of Edward "Allegheny" Johnson

Colonel Edward Johnson’s heroics during the engagement earned him the nickname “Allegheny” Johnson. [Wikimedia Commons]

Battle of Camp Allegheny Facts

December 13, 1861

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Date and Location

  • December 13, 1861
  • Pocahontas County, Virginia (now West Virginia)

Campaign

Union Forces Engaged

  • Milroy’s brigade

Confederate Forces Engaged

  • Johnson’s brigade

Principal Union Commanders

  • Brigadier General Robert H. Milroy

Principal Confederate Commanders

  • Colonel Edward “Allegheny” Johnson

Number of Union Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 2,000

Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 1,200

Union Casualties

  • 140 (killed, wounded, captured/missing)

Confederate Casualties

  • 162 (killed, wounded, captured/missing)

Result

  • Confederate victory

Significance

  • In December 1861, Colonel Edward Johnson’s Rebel forces occupied the summit of the Allegheny Mountain near the town of Bartow in Pocahontas County, Virginia (now West Virginia).
  • During the night of December 12, Brigadier General Robert H. Milroy’s Union force advanced in two columns toward Johnson’s outpost.
  • After several hours of close-quarter fighting, the Rebels drove the Yankees back. 
  • Colonel Edward Johnson’s heroics during the engagement earned him the nickname “Allegheny” Johnson.

Timeline of the Western Virginia Campaign

These are the main events and battles of the Western Virginia Campaign in order.

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Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Battle of Camp Allegheny Facts
  • Coverage December 13, 1861
  • Author
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date July 31, 2021
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update March 13, 2021
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