Date and Location
- December 13, 1861
- Pocahontas County, Virginia (now West Virginia)
Union Forces Engaged
- Milroy’s brigade
Confederate Forces Engaged
- Johnson’s brigade
Principal Union Commanders
- Brigadier General Robert H. Milroy
Principal Confederate Commanders
- Colonel Edward “Allegheny” Johnson
Number of Union Soldiers Engaged
- Roughly 2,000
Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged
- Roughly 1,200
- 140 (killed, wounded, captured/missing)
- 162 (killed, wounded, captured/missing)
- Confederate victory
- In December 1861, Colonel Edward Johnson’s Rebel forces occupied the summit of the Allegheny Mountain near the town of Bartow in Pocahontas County, Virginia (now West Virginia).
- During the night of December 12, Brigadier General Robert H. Milroy’s Union force advanced in two columns toward Johnson’s outpost.
- After several hours of close-quarter fighting, the Rebels drove the Yankees back.
- Colonel Edward Johnson’s heroics during the engagement earned him the nickname “Allegheny” Johnson.
Timeline of the Western Virginia Campaign
These are the main events and battles of the Western Virginia Campaign in order.
- June 3, 1861 — Battle of Philippi
- July 6–7, 1861 — Battle of Middle Fork Bridge
- July 11, 1861 — Battle of Rich Mountain
- July 13, 1861 — Battle of Corrick’s Ford
- August 26, 1861 — Battle of Kessler’s Cross Lanes
- September 10, 1861 — Battle of Carnifex Ferry
- September 12–15, 1861 — Battle of Cheat Mountain
- October 3, 1861 — Battle of Greenbrier River
- December 13, 1861 — Battle of Camp Allegheny