Portrait of Robert E. Lee

The Battle of Cheat Mountain was the first battle of the Civil War involving Robert E. Lee. [Wikimedia Commons]

Battle of Cheat Mountain Facts

September 12–15, 1861

The Union victory at the Battle of Cheat Mountain, also known as the Battle of Cheat Summit Fort, fought from September 12 to 15, 1861, was instrumental in the formation of the State of West Virginia.

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Also Known As

  • Battle of Cheat Summit Fort

Date and Location

  • September 12–15, 1861
  • Pocahontas and Randolph Counties, Virginia (now West Virginia)

Campaign

Principal Union Commanders

  • Colonel Nathan Kimball
  • Brigadier General Joseph J. Reynolds

Principal Confederate Commanders

Union Forces Engaged

  • Fort Milroy garrison

Confederate Forces Engaged

  • Army of the Northwest

Number of Union Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 1,800

Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 5,000

Estimated Union Casualties

  • 21 (killed, wounded, and captured/missing)

Estimated Confederate Casualties

  • 100 (killed, wounded, and captured/missing)

Result

  • Union victory

Significance

  • The Battle of Cheat Mountain was the first battle of the Civil War involving Robert E. Lee.
  • The Union victory at the Battle of Cheat Mountain contributed to the eventual Confederate withdrawal from western Virginia.
  • The Union victory at the Battle of Cheat Mountain contributed to the eventual creation of the separate state of West Virginia.

Timeline of the Western Virginia Campaign

These are the main events and battles of the Western Virginia Campaign in order.

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Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Battle of Cheat Mountain Facts
  • Coverage September 12–15, 1861
  • Author
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date July 30, 2021
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update March 13, 2021
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