The Union victory at the Battle of Cheat Mountain, also known as the Battle of Cheat Summit Fort, fought from September 12 to 15, 1861, was instrumental in the formation of the State of West Virginia.
Also Known As
- Battle of Cheat Summit Fort
Date and Location
- September 12–15, 1861
- Pocahontas and Randolph Counties, Virginia (now West Virginia)
Principal Union Commanders
- Colonel Nathan Kimball
- Brigadier General Joseph J. Reynolds
Principal Confederate Commanders
- General Robert E. Lee
- Brigadier General William W. Loring
- Colonel Albert Rust
- Brigadier General Samuel R. Anderson
Union Forces Engaged
- Fort Milroy garrison
Confederate Forces Engaged
- Army of the Northwest
Number of Union Soldiers Engaged
- Roughly 1,800
Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged
- Roughly 5,000
Estimated Union Casualties
- 21 (killed, wounded, and captured/missing)
Estimated Confederate Casualties
- 100 (killed, wounded, and captured/missing)
- Union victory
- The Battle of Cheat Mountain was the first battle of the Civil War involving Robert E. Lee.
- The Union victory at the Battle of Cheat Mountain contributed to the eventual Confederate withdrawal from western Virginia.
- The Union victory at the Battle of Cheat Mountain contributed to the eventual creation of the separate state of West Virginia.
Timeline of the Western Virginia Campaign
These are the main events and battles of the Western Virginia Campaign in order.
- June 3, 1861 — Battle of Philippi
- July 6–7, 1861 — Battle of Middle Fork Bridge
- July 11, 1861 — Battle of Rich Mountain
- July 13, 1861 — Battle of Corrick’s Ford
- August 26, 1861 — Battle of Kessler’s Cross Lanes
- September 10, 1861 — Battle of Carnifex Ferry
- September 12–15, 1861 — Battle of Cheat Mountain
- October 3, 1861 — Battle of Greenbrier River
- December 13, 1861 — Battle of Camp Allegheny