Black and white photo of William H. Rosecrans.

Major General William H. Rosecrans commanded the Army of the Cumberland at the Battle of Chickamauga. [Wikimedia Commons]

Battle of Chickamauga Facts

September 19–20, 1863

Key facts about the American Civila War Battle of Chickamauga.

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Date:

  • September 19–20, 1863.

Location:

  • Catoosa and Walker counties in northwestern Georgia.

Campaign:

  • Chickamauga.

Principal Union commander(s):

  • Major General William Rosecrans.

Principal Confederate commander(s):

  • General Braxton Bragg.

Union forces engaged:

  • Army of the Cumberland.

Confederate forces engaged:

  • Army of Tennessee.

Number of Union soldiers engaged:

  • Roughly 60,000.

Number of Confederate soldiers engaged:

  • Roughly 65,000.

Estimated Union casualties:

  • 16,000 (killed, wounded and missing/captured).

Estimated Confederate casualties:

  • 18,500 (killed, wounded and missing/captured).

Result:

  • Confederate victory.

Significance:

  • An estimated 1,657 Union soldiers were killed at the Battle of Chickamauga.
  • An estimated 2,312 Confederate soldiers were killed at the Battle of Chickamauga.
  • The Battle of Chickamauga was the most significant Union defeat in the western theater of the American Civil War.
  • The combined losses at the Battle of Chickamauga were the highest total for any battle in the western theater of the American Civil War
  • The Battle of Chickamauga produced the second highest number of casualties in the American Civil War (following Gettysburg).
  • The Battle of Chickamauga was the last battle of a Union offensive in southeastern Tennessee and northwestern Georgia called the Chickamauga Campaign.
  • Major General William Rosecrans was relieved of his command of the Army of the Cumberland on October 19, 1863.
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Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Battle of Chickamauga Facts
  • Coverage September 19–20, 1863
  • Author
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date July 31, 2021
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update March 2, 2021
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