Portrait of Robert E. Lee

The Battle of Cumberland Church was the last battlefield victory for General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia. [Wikimedia Commons]

Battle of Cumberland Church Facts

April 7, 1865

Key facts about the Battle of Cumberland Church.


Date and Location

  • April 7, 1865
  • Cumberland County, Virginia


Principal Union Commanders

  • Major General Andrew A. Humphreys

Principal Confederate Commanders

Union Forces Engaged

  • 2nd Corps of the Army of the Potomac

Confederate Forces Engaged

  • Army of Northern Virginia

Number of Union Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 12,000

Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 12,000

Estimated Union Casualties

  • 655 (killed, wounded, and captured/missing)

Estimated Confederate Casualties

  • 255 (killed, wounded, and captured/missing)


  • Confederate victory


  • Union Major General Thomas A. Smyth was killed
  • The Battle of Cumberland Church was the last battlefield victory for the Army of Northern Virginia.

Timeline of the Appomattox Campaign

These are the main battles and events of the Appomattox Campaign in order.


Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Battle of Cumberland Church Facts
  • Coverage April 7, 1865
  • Author
  • Keywords battle of cumberland church, american civil war, appomattox campaign, andrew a. humphreys, robert e. lee, thomas a. smyth, army of northern virginia's last battlefield victory
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date August 14, 2022
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update May 5, 2022