Battle of Cumberland Gap Facts

September 7–9, 1863

Cumberland Gap Battle facts, including dates, location, casualties, leaders, who won, and more interesting facts you might not know. This fact sheet provides a quick overview of the battle and is for kids doing research and students preparing for the AP U.S. History (APUSH) exam.

Portrait of John W. Frazer

The Battle of Cumberland Gap was a bloodless engagement that ended when Brigadier General John W. Frazer surrendered his 2,300 garrison guarding the gap. [Wikimedia Commons]

Date and Location

  • September 7 – 9, 1863
  • The Cumberland Gap in the Appalachian Mountains in Kentucky, Tennessee, and Virginia

Campaign

Principal Union Commanders

Principal Confederate Commanders

  • Brigadier General John W. Frazer

Union Forces Engaged

  • Army of the Ohio

Confederate Forces Engaged

  • 5th Brigade of the Army of Tennessee

Number of Union Soldiers Engaged

  • Undetermined

Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 2,300

Estimated Union Casualties

  • None

Estimated Confederate Casualties

  • 2,300 captured

Result

  • Union victory

Significance

  • The Battle of Cumberland Gap was a bloodless engagement that ended when Brigadier General John W. Frazer surrendered his 2,300 garrison guarding the gap.

Timeline of the East Tennessee Campaign

These are the main battles and events of the East Tennessee Campaign in order.

  • September 7–9, 1863 — Battle of Cumberland Gap
  • September 22, 1863 — Battle of Blountville
  • October 10, 1863 — Battle of Blue Springs