Battle of Fort Davidson Facts

September 26–27, 1864

Fort Davidson Battle facts, including dates, location, casualties, leaders, who won, and more interesting facts you might not know. This fact sheet provides a quick overview of the battle and is for kids doing research and students preparing for the AP U.S. History (APUSH) exam.

Portrait of Sterling Price

Eager for a morale-boosting victory early in his expedition into Missouri, Major General Sterling Price attacked Fort Davidson, a lightly defended Union garrison, about eighty miles south of St. Louis, on September 26, 1864. [Wikimedia Commons]

Date

  • September 26-27, 1864

Location

  • Near Pilot Knob, Missouri

Campaign

Principal Union Commanders

Principal Confederate Commanders

  • Major General Sterling Price
  • Major General James F. Fagan
  • Major General John S. Marmaduke

Union Forces Engaged

  • Fort Davidson garrison
  • Two companies of Iowa volunteer soldiers

Confederate Forces Engaged

  • Fagan’s Division, Army of Missouri
  • Marmaduke’s Division, Army of Missouri

Number of Union Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 1,456

Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 5,700–8,700

Union Casualties

  • 213 (killed, wounded, and captured or missing)

Confederate Casualties

  • Estimated 1,100 (killed, wounded, and captured or missing)

Result

  • Tactical Confederate victory
  • Strategic Union victory

Significance

  • Thomas Ewing’s stubborn holdout during the Battle of Fort Davidson secured valuable time for Union officials to strengthen their defenses around St. Louis, forcing Price to abandon plans to capture the city.