Ulysses S Grant, at Cold Harbor, Portrait

Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant’s capture of Fort Henry opened the Tennessee Rivers as an avenue of invasion to the heartland of the South. Image Source: Wikipedia.

Battle of Fort Henry Facts, Details, and Timeline

February 6, 1862

Facts about the Battle of Fort Henry, including dates, casualties, participants, who won, and more interesting details you might not know. This fact sheet provides a quick overview of the battle and is for kids doing research and students preparing for the AP U.S. History (APUSH) exam.

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Definition

The definition of the Battle of Fort Henry is a battle that was fought between the United States of America and the Confederate States of America on February 6, 1862, during the American Civil War, in western Tennessee.

Quick Facts

  • Date Started: The Battle of Fort Henry started on Thursday, February 6, 1862.
  • Date Ended: The fighting ended on February 6, 1862.
  • Location: The battle took place in Stewart and Henry counties, in western Tennessee.
  • Who Won: The United States of America won the Battle of Fort Henry.
  • Civil War Campaign: The Battle of Fort Henry was part of the Federal Penetration Up the Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers.

Battle of Fort Henry, Bombardment from Federal Gunboats, Illustration

This illustration depicts Union gunboats boarding Fort Henry during the battle. Image Source: Library of Congress.

Interesting Facts

  • The capture of Fort Henry was the first significant Union victory in the American Civil War.
  • It also opened the Tennessee Rivers as an avenue of invasion to the heartland of the South.

Commanders and Forces Involved

Principal Union Commanders

Principal Confederate Commanders

  • Brigadier General Lloyd Tilghman

Union Forces Engaged

Confederate Forces Engaged

Casualties and Statistics

Number of Union Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 15,000

Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 3,000

Estimated Union Casualties

  • 40 (killed, wounded, and missing/captured)

Estimated Confederate Casualties

  • 79 casualties (killed, wounded, and missing/captured)

Results of the Battle of Fort Henry

  • The outcome of the Battle of Fort Henry was a Union victory.

Timeline of the Battle of Fort Henry

This list shows the main battles and events that took place before and after the Battle of Fort Henry, and how it fits into the chronological order of the Federal Penetration Up the Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers.

Learn More

If you would like to learn more about the Battle of Fort Henry, take a look at the following resources:

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Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Battle of Fort Henry Facts, Details, and Timeline
  • Coverage February 6, 1862
  • Author
  • Keywords Battle of Fort Henry, Civil War Facts for Kids, Social Studies Resources, APUSH Study Material
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date May 28, 2022
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update May 25, 2022
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