Key facts about the American Civil War Battle of Fort Sumter.
Date and Location
- April 12–13, 1861
- Charleston Harbor, South Carolina
- Operations in Charleston Harbor
Principal Union Commander
- Major Robert Anderson
Principal Confederate Commander
- Brigadier General P. G. T. Beauregard
Union Forces Engaged
- 2 companies of the U.S. 1st Artillery, plus the regimental band
Confederate Forces Engaged
- Provisional Forces of the Confederate States
Number of Union Soldiers Engaged
- Roughly 84
Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged
- Roughly 6,000
Estimated Union Casualties
Estimated Confederate Casualties
- Confederate victory
- The Battle of Fort Sumter was the first engagement of the American Civil War.
- During the battle of Fort Sumter, Confederate forces fired over 3,000 artillery rounds at Fort Sumter.
- During the battle of Fort Sumter, Union forces fired about 1,000 artillery rounds of Confederate batteries around Charleston Harbor.
- The Battle of Fort Sumter began at 4:30 a.m., April 12, 1861, when Captain George S. James’ battery of the South Carolina Artillery fired a mortar shot over Fort Sumter from the beach near Fort Johnson.
- At 7 a.m. on April 12, 1861, Captain Abner Doubleday, Anderson’s second in command, fired the first Union artillery shot during the Battle of Fort Sumter.
- During the surrender ceremony following the Battle of Fort Sumter, a cannon misfired, instantly killing Private Daniel Hough and mortally wounding Private Edward Galloway, making them the first casualties of the American Civil War.
- The Confederates held Fort Sumter throughout most of the war until Major General William T. Sherman captured Charleston in February 1865.
- On April 14, 1865, Brevet Major-General Robert Anderson returned to Fort Sumter to ceremoniously raise the stars and stripes over the stronghold he had been forced to evacuate earlier (four years to the day).
- On the same day that Brevet Major-General Robert Anderson returned to Fort Sumter to ceremoniously raise the stars and stripes over the stronghold he had been forced to evacuate earlier, John Wilkes Booth assassinated President Lincoln in Washington, DC.