Black and white photograph of Stonewall Jackson.

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson’s victory at the Battle of Front Royal set the stage for an even greater Confederate victory two days later at the Battle of Winchester. [Wikimedia Commons]

Battle of Front Royal Facts

May 23, 1862

Key facts about the Battle of Front Royal.

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Also Known As

  • Battle of Guard Hill
  • Battle of Cedarville

Date and Location

  • May 23, 1862
  • Warren County, near the village of Front Royal, in western Virginia

Campaign

Principal Union Commanders

  • Colonel J.R. Kenly

Principal Confederate Commanders

Union Forces Engaged

  • Front Royal garrison

Confederate Forces Engaged

  • Army of the Valley

Number of Union Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 1,000

Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 3,000

Estimated Union Casualties

  • 904 (killed, wounded, captured/missing)

Estimated Confederate Casualties

  • 56 (killed, wounded, captured/missing)

Result

  • Confederate Victory

Significance

  • The Battle of Front Royal was the second Confederate victory of the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862.
  • Stonewall Jackson’s victory at the Battle of Front Royal put him in position to isolate or flank Major General Nathaniel Banks’s main army at Strasburg, thus forcing the Union general to retreat north down the Valley toward Winchester and setting the stage for an even greater Confederate victory two days later at the First Battle of Winchester.

Timeline of the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862

These are the main battles and events of the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862 in order.

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Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Battle of Front Royal Facts
  • Coverage May 23, 1862
  • Author
  • Keywords Battle of Front Royal
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date July 27, 2021
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update March 13, 2021
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