Gettysburg, Battle of – Facts2018-12-19T15:11:13+00:00
Robert E. Lee's headquarters at Gettysburg.

General Lee’s headquarters at Gettysburg.

Battle of Gettysburg Facts

July 1–July 3, 1863

Often referred to as the turning point in the American Civil War, the Battle of Gettysburg was fought in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, from July 1 to July 3, 1863.

Date

  • July 1–3, 1863

Location

  • Adams County, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania

Campaign

  • Gettysburg

Principal Confederate Commanders

  • General Robert E. Lee

Principal Union Commanders

  • Major General George G. Meade

Union Forces Engaged

  • Army of the Potomac

Confederate Forces Engaged

  • Army of Northern Virginia

Number of Union Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 93,000

Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 72,000

Union Casualties

  • Estimated 23,049 (3,155 killed, 14,529 wounded, and 5,365 captured or missing)

Confederate Casualties

  • Estimated 28,063 (3,903 killed, 18,735 wounded, and 5,425 missing/captured)

Result

  • Union victory

Significance

  • Many historians consider the Battle of Gettysburg to be the pivotal battle of the American Civil War.
  • The Battle of Gettysburg ended Confederate commander Robert E. Lee’s second and last attempt to invade the North.
  • 3,155 Union soldiers were killed at the Battle of Gettysburg.
  • 4,708 Confederate soldiers were killed at the Battle of Gettysburg.
  • Considered separately, the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg was the twenty-third largest battle of the Civil War as measured by the number of soldiers engaged.
  • Considered separately, the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg was the twelfth bloodiest in terms of casualties.
  • Considered separately, the second day of the Battle of Gettysburg ranks as the tenth bloodiest engagement of the Civil War in terms of casualties.
  • Considered separately, each of the three days of fighting at Gettysburg rank in the top fifteen deadliest battles of the Civil War.
  • The Battle of Gettysburg was the deadliest engagement of the Civil War (in terms of casualties), but it was not the largest conflict (in terms of numbers of combatants involved)—that distinction belongs to the Battle of Fredericksburg.
  • Pickett’s Charge against Union troops entrenched on Cemetery Ridge, which took place on the third day of the Battle of Gettysburg, has been referred to as the high-water mark of the Confederacy.
  • Confederate commander Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia was forced to retreat to Virginia after the Battle of Gettysburg.
  • On July 4, 1863, the day that Robert E. Lee began his retreat back to Virginia after the Battle of Gettysburg, Confederate General John C. Pemberton surrendered the city of Vicksburg, Mississippi and 30,000 Confederate troops to General Ulysses S. Grant, ending the Siege of Vicksburg.
  • President Abraham Lincoln was highly critical of Union commander George G. Meade for not aggressively pursuing the Army of Northern Virginia as it retreated after the Battle of Gettysburg.
  • On November 19, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln delivered his famous Gettysburg Address at the dedication of the Gettysburg National Cemetery.

Learn More

We have a complete article available on the Battle of Gettysburg.

Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Battle of Gettysburg Facts
  • Coverage July 1–July 3, 1863
  • Author
  • Keywords Battle of Gettysburg, Gettysburg Campaign, Civil War
  • Website Name American History Central
  • URL
  • Access Date July 23, 2019
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update December 19, 2018

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