Robert E. Lee's headquarters at Gettysburg.

Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s headquarters at Gettysburg was the home of 69-year-old widow Mary Thompson.  [Wikimedia Commons]

Battle of Gettysburg Facts Quick Facts

July 1–July 3, 1863

Facts About Battle of Gettysburg - Facts


Date: July 1–3, 1863

Location: Adams County, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania

Principal Union commander(s): Major General George Meade

Principal Confederate commander(s): General Robert E. Lee

Union forces engaged: Army of the Potomac

Confederate forces engaged: Army of Northern Virginia

Number of Union soldiers engaged: Roughly 94,000

Number of Confederate soldiers engaged: Roughly 72,000

Estimated Union casualties: 23,055 (killed, wounded and missing/captured)

Estimated Confederate casualties: 23,231 (killed, wounded and missing/captured)

Result: Union victory

Many historians consider the Battle of Gettysburg to be the pivotal battle of the American Civil War.

The Battle of Gettysburg ended Confederate commander Robert E. Lee’s second and last attempt to invade the North.

3,155 Union soldiers were killed at the Battle of Gettysburg.

4,708 Confederate soldiers were killed at the Battle of Gettysburg.

Confederate commander Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia was forced to retreat to Virginia after the Battle of Gettysburg.

President Lincoln was highly critical of Union commander George Meade for not aggressively pursuing the Army of Northern Virginia as it retreated after the Battle of Gettysburg.

Pickett’s Charge against Union troops entrenched on Cemetery Ridge, which took place on the third day of the Battle of Gettysburg, has been referred to as the high-water mark of the Confederacy.

On July 4, 1863, the day that Lee retreated back to Virginia after the Battle of Gettysburg, Confederate General John C. Pemberton surrendered the city of Vicksburg, Mississippi and 30,000 Confederate troops to General Ulysses S. Grant, ending the Siege of Vicksburg.


Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Battle of Gettysburg - Facts Quick Facts
  • Coverage July 1–July 3, 1863
  • Author
  • Keywords Battle of Gettysburg, Gettysburg Campaign, Civil War
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date January 18, 2021
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update July 15, 2020