Battle of Glendale Facts

June 30, 1862

Glendale Battle facts, including dates, location, casualties, leaders, who won, and more interesting facts you might not know. This fact sheet provides a quick overview of the battle and is for kids doing research and students preparing for the AP U.S. History (APUSH) exam.

George McClellan, Portrait

Although Major General George McClellan was nominally the principal Union commander at the Battle of Glendale, he never appeared on the battlefield. [Wikimedia Commons]

Also Known As

  • Battle of Nelson’s Farm
  • Battle of Frayser’s Farm
  • Battle of Charles City Crossroads
  • Battle of White Oak Swamp
  • Battle of New Market Road
  • Battle of Riddell’s Shop

Date and Location

  • June 30, 1862
  • Henrico County, Virginia

Campaign

Principal Union Commanders

Principal Confederate Commanders

Union Forces Engaged

  • Army of the Potomac

Confederate Forces Engaged

  • Army of Northern Virginia

Number of Union Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 40,000

Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 45,000

Estimated Union Casualties

  • 3,787 (297 killed, 1,696 wounded, and 1,804 missing or captured)

Estimated Confederate Casualties

  • 3,673 (638 killed, 2,814 wounded, and 221 missing)

Result

  • Inconclusive

Significance

  • The Battle of Glendale was the fifth engagement of the Seven Days Battles during the Peninsula Campaign.
  • Although Major General George McClellan was nominally the principal Union commander at the Battle of Glendale, he never appeared on the battlefield.
  • By failing to capture the intersection at Glendale, the Confederacy lost a golden opportunity to prevent the Army of the Potomac from continuing its retreat toward the safety of Union gunboats on the James River at Harrison’s Landing.
  • The Battle of Glendale set the stage for a decisive Union victory the next day at the Battle of Malvern Hill.

Timeline of the Peninsula Campaign

These are the main battles and events of the Peninsula Campaign in order. The battles that occurred from June 25 to July 1, 1862, are collectively known as the Seven Days Battles.