Portrait of John M. Chivington

Many historians refer to Major John M. Chivington’s victory at the Battle of Glorieta Pass as the Gettysburg of the West. [Wikimedia Commons]

Battle of Glorieta Pass Facts

March 26–28, 1862

Key facts about the Battle of Glorieta Pass.

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Date:

  • March 26 – 28, 1862

Location:

  • Santa Fe County and San Miguel County, near the city of Santa Fe, New Mexico

Campaign:

  • Sibley’s New Mexico Campaign

Principal Union commander(s):

  • Colonel John P. Slough
  • Major John M. Chivington

Principal Confederate commander(s):

  • Major Charles L. Pyron
  • Lieutenant Colonel William R. Scurry
  • Brigadier General Henry Hopkins Sibley

Union forces engaged:

  • an assortment of Union regulars and volunteers, including the 1st Regiment of Colorado Volunteers

Confederate forces engaged:

  • Army of Army of New Mexico, also known as Sibley’s Brigade

Number of Union soldiers engaged:

  • Roughly 1,300

Number of Confederate soldiers engaged:

  • Roughly 1,100

Estimated Union casualties:

  • 122 casualties (38 killed, 64 wounded, and 20 captured)

Estimated Confederate casualties:

  • 121 (36 dead, 60 wounded, and 25 captured)

Result:

  • Union victory

Significance:

  • Fought on March 25, 1862, the Battle of Apache Canyon was the first engagement of the Battle of Glorieta Pass.
  • Because it was the decisive turning-point of the Civil War in the Far Western Theater, many historians refer to the Battle of Glorieta Pass as the Gettysburg of the West.
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Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Battle of Glorieta Pass Facts
  • Coverage March 26–28, 1862
  • Author
  • Keywords Battle of Glorieta Pass
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date July 31, 2021
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update March 4, 2021
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