Portrait of David Hunter

Brigadier General David Hunter’s retreat at the Battle of Lynchburg took his army out of the war for nearly a month and opened the Shenandoah Valley for a Confederate advance into Maryland known as Early’s Valley Campaign. [Wikimedia Commons]

Battle of Lynchburg Facts

June 17–18, 1864

Key facts about the Battle of Lynchburg.

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Date

  • June 17–18, 1864

Location

  • North central Virginia, including Augusta County, Shenandoah County

Campaign

Principal Union Commanders

Principal Confederate Commanders

Union Forces Engaged

  • Department of West Virginia

Confederate Forces Engaged

  • Department of Western Virginia
  • Army of the Valley District

Number of Union Soldiers Engaged

  • 16,643

Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged

  • 14,000

Estimated Union Casualties

  • 75 (killed, wounded, captured/missing)

Estimated Confederate Casualties

  • 6 (killed, wounded, captured/missing)

Result

  • Confederate victory

Significance

  • Ulysses S. Grant placed Brigadier General David Hunter in command of Union forces in the Shenandoah Valley after the Confederate victory at the Battle of New Market.
  • Brigadier General David Hunter’s soldiers burned the Virginia Military Institute and plundered Lexington, Virginia on June 12 in retaliation for the Union defeat at the Battle of New Market.
  • The Battle of Lynchburg was the third and final battle of the Lynchburg Campaign.
  • The failure of the Union assault on Lynchburg kept Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s supply lines open and enabled him to fight for another eight months.
  • Brigadier General David Hunter’s staff at the Battle of Lynchburg included two future U.S. presidents, William McKinley, and Rutherford B. Hayes
  • Brigadier General David Hunter’s retreat at the Battle of Lynchburg took his army out of the war for nearly a month and opened the Shenandoah Valley for a Confederate advance into Maryland known as Early’s Valley Campaign, or Early’s Raid.

Timeline of the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1864

These are the main battles and events of the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1864 in order.

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Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Battle of Lynchburg Facts
  • Coverage June 17–18, 1864
  • Author
  • Keywords Battle of Lynchburg
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date July 27, 2021
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update March 16, 2021
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