Black and white photo of William T. Sherman.

When Major General William T. Sherman left Meridian, Mississippi, he reportedly stated that “Meridian, with its depots, store-houses, arsenal, hospitals, offices, hotels, and cantonments no longer exists.” [Wikimedia Commons]

Battle of Meridian Facts

February 14–20, 1864

Key facts about the Battle of Meridian.

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Date

  • February 14–20, 1864

Location

  • Lauderdale County, in and near Meridian, Mississippi

Campaign

Principal Union Commanders

Principal Confederate Commanders

Union Forces Engaged

  • Department of the Tennessee

Confederate Forces Engaged

  • Department of Alabama, Mississippi and East Louisiana

Number of Union Soldiers Engaged

  • Approximately 26,847

Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged

  • Undetermined

Estimated Union Casualties

  • Undetermined

Estimated Confederate Casualties

  • Undetermined

Result

  • Union victory

Significance

  • Casualties at the Battle of Meridian are unknown or were nonexistent, as there was no real combat action.
  • During his occupation of Meridian, Mississippi while awaiting the arrival of Brigadier General William Sooy Smith’s cavalry, Major General William T. Sherman ordered his troops “to wipe the appointed meeting place off the map.”
  • When Major General William T. Sherman left Meridian, Mississippi, he reportedly stated that “Meridian, with its depots, store-houses, arsenal, hospitals, offices, hotels, and cantonments no longer exists.”
  • The Battle of Meridian was significant because it provided Major General William T. Sherman with the opportunity to implement and perfect the concept of “total war,” which he would later employ in Georgia and the Carolinas.

Timeline of the Meridian Campaign

These are the main battles and events of the Meridian Campaign in order.

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Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Battle of Meridian Facts
  • Coverage February 14–20, 1864
  • Author
  • Keywords battle of meridian, william t. sherman, leonidas polk william sooy smith
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date July 27, 2021
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update March 15, 2021
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