Portrait of James A. Garfield

Combined with the Union victory at the Battle of Mill Spring a week later, Colonel James A. Garfield’s triumph at Middle Creek cracked the eastern end of the Confederate defensive line in Kentucky in 1862. [Wikimedia Commons]

Battle of Middle Creek Facts

January 10, 1862

Key facts about the Battle of Middle Creek, also known as the Battle of Big Sandy River.

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Also known as:

  • Battle of Big Sandy River

Date:

  • January 10, 1862

Location:

  • Floyd County, Kentucky

Campaign:

  • Offensive in Eastern Kentucky

Principal Union commander(s):

  • Colonel James A. Garfield

Principal Confederate commander(s):

  • Brigadier General Humphrey Marshall

Union forces engaged:

  • Kentucky and Ohio infantry and cavalry

Confederate forces engaged:

  • Kentucky infantry and cavalry

Number of Union soldiers engaged:

  • Roughly 2,100

Number of Confederate soldiers engaged:

  • Roughly 2,500

Estimated Union casualties:

  • 27 (killed, wounded and missing/captured)

Estimated Confederate casualties:

  • 65 (killed, wounded and missing/captured)

Result:

  • Union victory

Significance:

  • Combined with the Union victory at the Battle of Mill Spring a week later, Garfield’s triumph at Middle Creek cracked the eastern end of the Confederate defensive line in Kentucky, opening the way for an offensive into middle Tennessee.
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Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Battle of Middle Creek Facts
  • Coverage January 10, 1862
  • Author
  • Keywords battle of middle creek
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date August 1, 2021
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update March 2, 2021