Portrait of Hugh Judson Kilpatrick

Major General Judson Kilpatrick narrowly escaped being captured at the Battle of Monroe’s Crossroads when Confederate soldiers who surrounded the farmhouse in which he had spent the night failed to recognize him. [Wikimedia Commons]

Battle of Monroe's Crossroads Facts

March 10, 1865

Key facts about the Battle of Monroe's Crossroads.

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Also Known As

  • Battle of Fayetteville Road
  • Battle of Blue’s Farm

Date

  • March 10, 1865

Location

  • Hoke County, near Fayetteville, North Carolina

Campaign

Principal Union Commanders

Principal Confederate Commanders

Union Forces Engaged

  • Kilpatrick’s Cavalry Division

Confederate Forces Engaged

  • Wheeler’s Cavalry Division
  • Hampton’s Cavalry Division
  • Butler’s Cavalry Division

Number of Union Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 1,850

Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 3,000

Estimated Union Casualties

  • 183 (killed, wounded, captured/missing)

Estimated Confederate Casualties

  • 86 (killed, wounded, captured/missing)

Result

  • Inconclusive

Significance

  • The Battle of Monroe’s Crossroads was one of the last major cavalry conflicts of the Civil War.
  • In the aftermath of the Battle of Monroe’s Crossroads, Union troops occupied Fayetteville, North Carolina on the afternoon of March 10, 1865. By that time, all of the Confederates had crossed the Cape Fear River and torched the Clarendon Bridge behind them.
  • The site of the Battle of Monroe’s Crossroads is located in what is now Fort Bragg, North Carolina.

Timeline of the Carolinas Campaign

These are the main battles and events of the Carolinas Campaign in order.

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Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Battle of Monroe's Crossroads Facts
  • Coverage March 10, 1865
  • Author
  • Keywords Battle of Monroe's Crossroads
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date July 27, 2021
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update March 24, 2021
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