Portrait of Thomas J. Wood

Brigadier General Thomas J. Wood’s victory at the Battle of Orchard Knob was the first engagement of the federal breakout from the Siege of Chattanooga. [Wikimedia Commons]

Battle of Orchard Knob Facts

November 23, 1863

Key facts about the Battle of Orchard Knob.



  • November 23, 1863


  • Southeast of Chattanooga, Tennessee


Principal Union Commanders

Principal Confederate Commanders

  • Brigadier General Arthur Manigault

Union Forces Eengaged

  • Wood’s Division of the 4th Corps (Army of the Cumberland)

Confederate Forces Engaged

  • Two regiments of Manigault’s Brigade (28th Alabama and 24th Alabama) of the Army of Tennessee

Number of Union Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 14,000

Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 600

Estimated Union Casualties

  • 1,100 (killed, wounded, captured/missing)

Estimated Confederate Casualties

  • 600 (killed, wounded, captured/missing)


  • Union victory


  • The Battle of Orchard Knob was the first engagement of the Federal breakout from the Siege of Chattanooga.

Timeline of the Chattanooga Campaign

These are the main battles and events of the Chattanooga Campaign in order.


Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Battle of Orchard Knob Facts
  • Coverage November 23, 1863
  • Author
  • Keywords chattanooga campaign, american civil war, ulysses s. grant, braxton bragg, thomas j. wood, arthur manigault
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date August 12, 2022
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update May 25, 2022