Portrait of Samuel R. Curtis

Brigadier General Samuel R. Curtis’ victory at the Battle of Pea Ridge essentially cemented Union control of Missouri. [Wikimedia Commons]

Battle of Pea Ridge Facts

March 6–8, 1862

Key facts about the Battle of Pea Ridge, also known as the Battle of Elkhorn Tavern.

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Also known as:

  • Battle of Elkhorn Tavern

Date:

  • March 6 – 8, 1862

Location:

  • Benton County, Arkansas

Campaign:

  • Pea Ridge

Principal Union commander(s):

  • Brigadier General Samuel R. Curtis

Principal Confederate commander(s):

  • Major General Earl Van Dorn

Union forces engaged:

  • Army of the Southwest

Confederate forces engaged:

  • Army of the West

Number of Union soldiers engaged:

  • Roughly 10,500

Number of Confederate soldiers engaged:

  • Roughly 16,000

Estimated Union casualties:

  • 1,384 casualties (killed, wounded and missing/captured)

Estimated Confederate casualties:

  • 2,000 casualties (killed, wounded and missing/captured)

Result:

  • Union victory

Significance:

  • The battle of Pea Ridge, or Elkhorn Tavern, was the largest battle west of the Mississippi during the American Civil War.
  • The outcome of the Battle of Pea Ridge essentially cemented Union control of Missouri.
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Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Battle of Pea Ridge Facts
  • Coverage March 6–8, 1862
  • Author
  • Keywords battle of pea ridge
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date August 11, 2022
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update May 6, 2022
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