Portrait of Samuel F. DuPont

Flag Officer Samuel F. Du Pont commanded the U.S. naval forces at the Battle of Port Royal. [Wikimedia Commons]

Battle of Port Royal Facts

November 7, 1861

Key facts about the Battle of Port Royal (November 7, 1861), which established a base of operations for the Union naval blockade of South Atlantic seaports throughout the Civil War.

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Date:

  • November 7, 1861

Location:

  • Port Royal Sound, South Carolina

Campaign:

  • South Atlantic Blockade

Principal Union commander(s):

  • Flag Officer Samuel F. Du Pont
  • Brigadier General Thomas W. Sherman

Principal Confederate commander(s):

  • Brigadier General Thomas F. Drayton
  • Colonel R. G. M. Dunovant
  • Colonel William C. Heyward

Union forces engaged:

  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron
  • Port Royal Expedition Force

Confederate forces engaged:

  • Fort Beauregard Garrison
  • Fort Walker Garrison

Number of Union military personnel engaged:

  • Roughly 12,600 (600 marines and sailors, plus 12,000 soldiers)

Number of Confederate soldiers engaged:

  • Roughly 3,000

Union casualties:

  • 31 (8 killed, 23 wounded)

Confederate casualties:

  • 63 (11 killed, 48 wounded, 4 missing)

Result:

  • Union victory

Significance:

  • In the aftermath of the Union victory at the Battle of Port Royal, the Union navy established a base of operations in Port Royal Sound that would facilitate efforts to blockade Southern seaports throughout the war.
  • The Union victory at the Battle of Port Royal prompted the evacuation of Beaufort, South Carolina.
  • In the aftermath of the Union victory at the Battle of Port Royal, Beaufort, South Carolina became the first Southern city to be occupied by Federal troops during the Civil War.
  • In the aftermath of the Union victory at the Battle of Port Royal, many wealthy planters in the Sea Islands abandoned their estates, leaving behind as many as 13,000 slaves.
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Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Battle of Port Royal Facts
  • Coverage November 7, 1861
  • Author
  • Keywords Battle of Port Royal, anaconda plan, union blockade, Civil War
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date July 30, 2021
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update March 3, 2021
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