Battle of Princeton Court House Facts

May 15–17, 1862

Key facts about the Princeton Court House, also known as the Battle of Pigeon’s Roost and the Battle of Pigeon Roost.

Portrait of Humphrey Marshall

Brigadier General Humphrey Marshall commanded the victorious Confederate troops at the Battle of Princeton Court House. [Wikimedia Commons]


Also Known As

  • Battle of Pigeon’s Roost
  • Battle of Pigeon Roost

Date and Location

  • May 15–17, 1862
  • Mercer County, Virginia (now West Virginia)


Principal Union Commanders

  • Brigadier General Jacob Cox
  • Colonel Louis von Blessing

Principal Confederate Commanders

  • Brigadier General Humphrey Marshall

Union Forces Engaged

  • District of the Kanawha

Confederate Forces Engaged

  • Army of East Kentucky
  • Department of Southwest Virginia

Number of Union Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 1,000

Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 2,000

Estimated Union Casualties

  • 113 (23 killed, roughly 69 wounded and 21 captured or missing)

Estimated Confederate Casualties

  • 16 (4 killed, 12 wounded)


  • Confederate victory

Timeline of the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862

These are the main battles and events of the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862 in order.


Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Battle of Princeton Court House Facts
  • Date May 15–17, 1862
  • Author
  • Keywords Battle of Princeton Court House
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date March 23, 2023
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update April 18, 2022

Battle of Princeton Court House Facts is Part of the Following on AHC