George McClellan, Portrait

Major General George B. McClellan’s victory at the Battle of Rich Mountain helped to secure federal control of western Virginia and in contributing to the establishment of the state of West Virginia. [Wikimedia Commons]

Battle of Rich Mountain Facts

July 11, 1861

The Battle of Rich Mountain was fought on July 11 1861, in Randolph County, Virginia (now West Virginia).

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Date and Location

  • July 10-11, 1861
  • Randolph County, Virginia (now West Virginia)

Campaign

Principal Union Commanders

Principal Confederate Commanders

Union Forces Engaged

  • Department of the Ohio

Confederate Forces Engaged

Number of Union Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 6,000

Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 1,300

Estimated Union Casualties

  • 46 (killed, wounded, captured/missing)

Estimated Confederate Casualties

  • 300 (killed, wounded, captured/missing), mostly prisoners

Result:

  • Union victory

Significance:

  • The Union victory at the Battle of Rich Mountain contributed to the eventual Confederate withdrawal from western Virginia.
  • The Union victory at the Battle of Rich Mountain contributed to the eventual formation of the State of West Virginia.

Timeline of the Western Virginia Campaign

These are the main events and battles of the Western Virginia Campaign in order.

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Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Battle of Rich Mountain Facts
  • Coverage July 11, 1861
  • Author
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date July 27, 2021
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update March 13, 2021
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