Battle of Rich Mountain Facts

July 10–11, 1861

The Battle of Rich Mountain was fought on July 11 1861, in Randolph County, Virginia (now West Virginia).

George McClellan, Portrait, Brady

Major General George B. McClellan’s victory at the Battle of Rich Mountain helped to secure federal control of western Virginia and in contributing to the establishment of the state of West Virginia. Image Source: Wikipedia.


Date and Location

  • July 10-11, 1861
  • Randolph County, Virginia (now West Virginia)


Principal Union Commanders

Principal Confederate Commanders

Union Forces Engaged

  • Department of the Ohio

Confederate Forces Engaged

Number of Union Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 6,000

Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 1,300

Estimated Union Casualties

  • 46 (killed, wounded, captured/missing)

Estimated Confederate Casualties

  • 300 (killed, wounded, captured/missing), mostly prisoners


  • Union victory


  • The Union victory at the Battle of Rich Mountain contributed to the eventual Confederate withdrawal from western Virginia and the formation of the State of West Virginia.

Timeline of the Battle of Rich Mountain

These are the main events and battles of the Western Virginia Campaign in order.


Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Battle of Rich Mountain Facts
  • Coverage July 10–11, 1861
  • Author
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date February 5, 2023
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update October 14, 2022

Battle of Rich Mountain Facts is Part of the Following on AHC