Key facts about the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House.
- May 8–21, 1864
- Spotsylvania County, in east-central Virginia, at Spotsylvania Court House
Principal Union Commanders
- Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant
- Major General George Meade
Principal Confederate Commanders
- General Robert E. Lee
Union Forces Engaged
- Army of the Potomac
Confederate Forces Engaged
- Army of Northern Virginia
Number of Union Soldiers Engaged
- Roughly 100,000
Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged
- Roughly 50,000
Estimated Union Casualties
- 18,000 (killed, wounded, and missing/captured)
Estimated Confederate Casualties
- 12,000 (killed, wounded, and missing/captured)
- Several smaller engagements took place in the larger Battle of Spotsylvania Court House. These fights included the Battles of Laurel Hill, Po River, and the Bloody Angle on May 10, 1864; the Battle of the Bloody Angle on May 12 and 13; the Battle of Piney Branch Church on May 15, 1864; the Battle of Harrison House on May 18, 1864; and the Battle of Harris Farm on May 19, 1864.
- The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House was the second major battle of Grant’s Overland Campaign.
- Although Major General George Meade commanded the Army of the Potomac at Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, Meade’s superior, Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant, accompanied the Union army during the battle and throughout the Overland Campaign.
- On May 21, Union General Ulysses S. Grant evacuated Spotsylvania Court House and ordered the Army of the Potomac to continue to advance to the southeast.
Timeline of the Overland Campaign
These are the main battles and events of the Overland Campaign in order.
- May 5–7, 1864 — Battle of The Wilderness
- May 8–21 — Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
- May 11 — Battle of Yellow Tavern
- May 23–26 — Battle of North Anna
- May 24 — Battle of Wilson’s Wharf
- May 28 — Battle of Haw’s Shop
- May 28–30 — Battle of Totopotomoy Creek
- May 30 — Battle of Old Church
- May 31–June 12 — Battle of Cold Harbor
- June 11-12 — Battle of Trevilian Station
- June 24 — Battle of Saint Mary’s Church