Portrait of George G. Meade

Although Major General George Meade (pictured here) commanded the Army of the Potomac at Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, Meade’s superior, Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant, accompanied the Union army during the battle and throughout the Overland Campaign. [Wikimedia Commons]

Battle of Spotsylvania Court House Facts

May 8–21, 1864

Key facts about the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House.

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Date

  • May 8–21, 1864

Location

  • Spotsylvania County, in east-central Virginia, at Spotsylvania Court House

Campaign

Principal Union Commanders

Principal Confederate Commanders

Union Forces Engaged

  • Army of the Potomac

Confederate Forces Engaged

  • Army of Northern Virginia

Number of Union Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 100,000

Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 50,000

Estimated Union Casualties

  • 18,000 (killed, wounded, and missing/captured)

Estimated Confederate Casualties

  • 12,000 (killed, wounded, and missing/captured)

Result

  • Inconclusive

Significance

  • Several smaller engagements took place in the larger Battle of Spotsylvania Court House. These fights included the Battles of Laurel Hill, Po River, and the Bloody Angle on May 10, 1864; the Battle of the Bloody Angle on May 12 and 13; the Battle of Piney Branch Church on May 15, 1864; the Battle of Harrison House on May 18, 1864; and the Battle of Harris Farm on May 19, 1864.
  • The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House was the second major battle of Grant’s Overland Campaign.
  • Although Major General George Meade commanded the Army of the Potomac at Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, Meade’s superior, Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant, accompanied the Union army during the battle and throughout the Overland Campaign.
  • On May 21, Union General Ulysses S. Grant evacuated Spotsylvania Court House and ordered the Army of the Potomac to continue to advance to the southeast.

Timeline of the Overland Campaign

These are the main battles and events of the Overland Campaign in order.

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Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Battle of Spotsylvania Court House Facts
  • Coverage May 8–21, 1864
  • Author
  • Keywords battle of spotsylvania court house, american civil war, overland campaign, ulysses s. grant, robert e. lee, winfield scott hancock, j.e.b. stuart, richard anderson, john sedgwick, mule shoe, bloody angle, emory upton
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date July 27, 2021
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update March 16, 2021
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