Black and white photo of William H. Rosecrans.

After the federal victory at the Battle of Stones River, General William Rosecrans established a supply depot at Murfreesboro, Tennessee that served the Union for the rest of the war. [Wikimedia Commons]

Battle of Stones River Facts

December 31, 1862–January 2, 1863

Key facts about the Battle of Stones River, also known as the Battle of Murfreesboro.

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Also known as:

  • Battle of Murfreesboro

Date:

  • December 31, 1862 – January 2, 1863

Location:

  • Rutherford County, near Murfreesboro, Tennessee

Campaign:

  • Stones River

Principal Union commander(s):

  • Major General William Rosecrans

Principal Confederate commander(s):

  • General Braxton Bragg

Union forces engaged:

  • Army of the Cumberland

Confederate forces engaged:

  • Army of Tennessee

Number of Union soldiers engaged:

  • Roughly 43,000

Number of Confederate soldiers engaged:

  • Roughly 38,000

Estimated Union casualties:

  • 12,906 (1,677 killed,7,543 wounded, 3,686 captured/missing)

Estimated Confederate casualties:

  • 11,739 (1,294 killed, 7,945 wounded, 2,500 captured/missing)

Result:

  • Union victory

Significance:

  • The Battle of Stones River was a particularly deadly battle, even by Civil War standards. Total casualties for the battle were comparable to the carnage at Shiloh and Antietam.
  • The percentage of casualties at the Battle of Stones River was higher than any other battle in the Civil War.
  • After the Battle of Stones River, General Rosecrans established a supply depot at Murfreesboro, Tennessee that served the Union for the remainder of the war.
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Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Battle of Stones River Facts
  • Coverage December 31, 1862–January 2, 1863
  • Author
  • Keywords Battle of Stones River, Battle of Murfreesboro
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date July 31, 2021
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update March 3, 2021
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