Portrait of Alfred Torbert

On the morning of October 9, 1864, Brigadier General Alfred Torbert ordered two Union cavalry divisions to attack the Confederate cavalry camped along Tom’s Brook near Woodstock, Virginia. [Wikimedia Commons]

Battle of Tom's Brook Facts

October 9, 1864

Key facts about he Battle of Tom's Brook.

  • Also known as:
  • Woodstock Races


  • October 9, 1864


  • Shenandoah County, near Woodstock, Virginia


  • Sheridan’s Valley Campaign

Principal Union commander(s):

  • Brigadier General Alfred Torbert
  • Brevet Major General Wesley Merritt
  • Brigadier General George A. Custer

Principal Confederate commander(s):

  • Major General Thomas Rosser
  • Major General Lunsford Lomax

Union forces engaged:

  • Army of the Shenandoah cavalry

Confederate forces engaged:

  • Army of the Valley cavalry

Number of Union soldiers engaged:

  • Roughly 6,300

Number of Confederate soldiers engaged:

  • Roughly 3,500

Estimated Union casualties:

  • 57 (killed, wounded, captured/missing)

Estimated Confederate casualties:

  • 350 (killed, wounded, captured/missing)


  • Union victory


  • The Confederate retreat at the Battle of Tom’s Brook was so rapid that Union cavalrymen referred to the Rebel flight as the Woodstock Races.

Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Battle of Tom's Brook Facts
  • Coverage October 9, 1864
  • Author
  • Keywords battle of tom's brook
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date March 7, 2021
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update March 6, 2021