Battle of Wilson's Creek Facts

August 10, 1861

Portrait of Nathaniel Lyon

During the Battle of Wilson’s Creek, Confederate soldiers killed the Union commander, Brigadier General Nathaniel Lyon. [Wikimedia Commons]



  • August 10, 1861


  • Wilson’s Creek, near Springfield, Missouri


  • Operations to Control Missouri

Principal Confederate Commanders

  • Major General Sterling Price
  • Brigadier General Ben McCulloch
  • Brigadier General Nicholas Pearce

Principal Union Commanders

  • Brigadier General Nathaniel Lyon
  • Colonel Franz Sigel
  • Major Samuel D. Sturgis

Union Forces Engaged

  • Army of the West

Confederate Forces Engaged

  • Missouri State Guard
  • Western Army

Number of Union Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 5,430

Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 11,000

Union Casualties

  • Estimated 1,317 (285 killed, 873 wounded, 186 missing)

Confederate Casualties

  • Estimated 1,232 (277 killed, 945 wounded, 10 missing)


  • Confederate victory


  • The Confederate victory at the Battle of Wilson’s Creek buoyed secessionist sympathies in Missouri and emboldened the Confederates to launch an offensive to regain control of northern Missouri.

Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Battle of Wilson's Creek Facts
  • Date August 10, 1861
  • Author
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date June 1, 2023
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update April 27, 2022

Battle of Wilson's Creek Facts is Part of the Following on AHC