Winchester, Second Battle of – Facts2019-07-01T20:02:54+00:00

Second Battle of Winchester Facts

June 9, 1863

Key facts about the Second Battle of Winchester (June 13 – June 15, 1863), which cleared the upper Shenandoah Valley of Union resistance, paving the way for Robert E. Lee's invasion of Maryland and Pennsylvania.

Date

  • June 13-15, 1863

Location

  • Frederick County, near Winchester, Virginia

Campaign

  • Gettysburg

Principal Union Commanders

  • Brigadier General Robert Milroy

Principal Confederate Commanders

  • Lieutenant General Richard Ewell

Union Forces Engaged

  • 2nd Division, 8th Corps, Middle Department, garrisoned at Winchester

Confederate Forces Engaged

  • 2nd Corps (Army of Northern Virginia)

Number of Union Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 6,900

Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged

  • Roughly 19,000

Union Casualties

  • 3,000-4,000+ (95 killed, over 300 wounded, 3,000 to 4,000 captured/missing)

Confederate Casualties

  • 269 (47 killed, over 219 wounded, 3 missing)

Result

  • Confederate victory

Significance

  • The decisive action during the Second Battle of Winchester took place on June 15, 1863, near Stephenson’s Depot, roughly five miles northeast of Winchester, Virginia.
  • Confederate forces captured 23 pieces of artillery, 300 loaded wagons, more than 300 horses, and quite a large amount of commissary and quartermaster’s stores at the Second Battle of Winchester.
  • The Confederate victory at the Second Battle of Winchester cleared the upper Shenandoah Valley of Union resistance, paving the way for Robert E. Lee’s invasion of Maryland and Pennsylvania.
  • Ewell’s victory at the Second Battle of Winchester enhanced his reputation in his first test as a corps commander following the death of Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson at the Battle of Chancellorsville.
  • Following his defeat at the Second Battle of Winchester, Union commander Robert Milroy was arrested and later tried and acquitted by a Union military court of inquiry.
  • Following his defeat at the Second Battle of Winchester, Union commander Robert Milroy did not command men in battle again until December 1864.

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We have a complete article on the Second Battle of Winchester.

Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Second Battle of Winchester Facts
  • Coverage June 9, 1863
  • Author
  • Keywords Second Battle of Winchester, Gettysburg Campaign, Civil War
  • Website Name American History Central
  • URL
  • Access Date July 23, 2019
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update July 1, 2019

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