Surrender at Bennett Place Facts

April 17–26, 1865

Key facts about Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston's surrender of 89,270 Confederate soldiers at Bennett Place, near Hillsborough, North Carolina in 1865.

Photography of the Unity Monument at Bennett Place Historical Site.

The Unity Monument at the reconstructed Bennett Farm in North Carolina commemorates the largest surrender by either side during the Civil War. [Emerging Civil War]

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Date:

  • April 17 – 26, 1865

Location:

  • Bennett Place, near Hillsborough, North Carolina

Important Details

  • Bennett Place was the 325-acre farm of James and Nancy Bennitt located near Hillsborough, North Carolina.
  • James and Nancy Bennitt lost two sons and a son-in-law to the war.
  • The Surrender at Bennett Place ended the Carolinas Campaign and the Civil War in the East.
  • Union Major General William T. Sherman and Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston met at Bennett Place three times: April 17, April 18, and April 26, 1865.
  • William T. Sherman and Joseph E. Johnston did not know until the day of their first meeting that President Abraham Lincoln had been assassinated.
  • The original surrender agreement that generals Sherman and Johnston signed on April 18, 1865, included political and military terms.
  • Union officials refused to approve the original surrender agreement that generals Sherman and Johnston signed on April 18, 1865 because it
  • When Jefferson Davis learned that Union officials had rejected the original agreement that generals Sherman and Johnston signed on April 18, 1865, he ordered Johnston to dissolve his command and melt into the countryside to engage in guerilla warfare.
  • General Joseph E. Johnston ignored Confederate President Jefferson Davis’ order to dissolve his command and melt into the countryside to engage in guerilla warfare. Instead, he met with Major General William T. Sherman again on April 26 to negotiate a new armistice that extended beyond military terms.
  • When negotiations between Major General William T. Sherman and General Joseph E. Johnston reached an impasse on April 26, 1865, Union Major General John Schofield suggested a compromise that resolved their differences.
  • On April 26, 1865, Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston signed an agreement that surrendered 89,270 soldiers under his command in the Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida.
  • The surrender at Bennett Place was the largest surrender by either side during the Civil War.
  • The surrender at Bennett Place ended hostilities in the East, but it did not end the Civil War.
  • After the surrender at Bennett Place, the Confederacy still had several more forces in the field.
  • On May 4, 1865, General Richard Taylor surrendered the Confederate forces in the Department of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana.
  • On May 10, 1865, Union soldiers captured Jefferson Davis.
  • On May 26, 1865, General Kirby Smith surrendered his Trans-Mississippi command.
  • On June 19, 1865, representatives of the Five Nations of Southern Indians (who were fighting for the Confederacy) surrendered to Lieutenant Colonel Asa Mathews at Doaksville, in the Choctaw Nation.
  • On June 23, 1865, Brigadier General Stand Watie surrendered his battalion of Cherokee soldiers, making him the last Confederate general to lay down his sword.
  • On August 20, 1866, over one year later, President Andrew Johnson signed a Proclamation—Declaring that Peace, Order, Tranquillity [sic], and Civil Authority Now Exists in and Throughout the Whole of the United States of America.

Principal Union commander:

  • Major General William T. Sherman

Principal Confederate commander:

  • General Joseph E. Johnston

Union forces involved:

  • Army of the Tennessee
  • Army of Georgia
  • Army of the Ohio

Confederate forces involved:

  • Army of the South
  • all troops in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida

Significance:

  • Johnston’s surrender of 89,270 Confederate soldiers was the largest surrender by either side during the Civil War.

 

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Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Surrender at Bennett Place Facts
  • Coverage April 17–26, 1865
  • Author
  • Keywords Bennett Place, johnston, sherman
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date October 4, 2022
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update July 21, 2022

Surrender at Bennett Place Facts is Part of the Following on AHC

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