Portrait of Braxton Bragg

In the greatest Confederate victory in the Western Theater of the American Civil War, Braxton Bragg’s forces defeated Major General William Rosecrans Army of the Cumberland at the Battle of Chickamauga (September 19-20, 1863). [Library of Congress]

Bragg, Braxton - Facts

March 22, 1817 - September 27, 1876

Key facts about Confederate General Braxton Bragg.

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Full Name:

  • Braxton Bragg

Birth Date:

  • March 22, 1817

Birth Location:

  • Warrenton, North Carolina

Parents:

  • Thomas and Margaret (Crosland) Bragg

Education:

  • United States Military Academy (1837)

Occupation:

  • Military officer

Career Summary:

  • Captain (USA), General (CSA), Army of Tennessee commander

Spouse:

  • Eliza Brooks Ellis (1849)

Place of Death:

  • Galveston, Texas

Date of Death:

  • September 27, 1876

Place of Burial:

  • Magnolia Cemetery, at Mobile, Alabama

Significance:

  • Braxton Bragg was the younger brother of Confederate Attorney General Thomas Bragg.
  • Braxton Bragg entered the United States Military Academy in 1833 and graduated fifth in his class in 1837.
  • Braxton Bragg entered the United States Army as a second lieutenant on July 1, 1837.
  • As a member of the United States Army, Braxton Bragg fought in the Second Seminole War (1835-1842) and the Mexican American War (1846-1848).
  • Braxton Bragg was promoted to the rank of captain in the United States Army in June 1846.
  • During the Mexican American War (1846-1848), Braxton Bragg became friends with Colonel Jefferson Davis, commander of the Mississippi Rifles and future President of the Confederate States of America.
  • Braxton Bragg married Eliza Brooks Ellis on June 7, 1849, at Terrebone Parrish, Louisiana.
  • In January 1856, Braxton Bragg resigned his commission in the United States Army to become Commissioner of Public Works for the State of Louisiana, as well as a sugar planter.
  • Before the start of the American Civil War, Braxton Bragg served as a colonel in the Louisiana Militia.
  • After Louisiana seceded from the Union (January 26, 1861), Braxton Bragg was promoted to major general of the militia on February 20, 1861, commanding the forces around New Orleans.
  • On March 7, 1861, Braxton Bragg was commissioned as a brigadier general in the Confederate Army and put in charge of the Department of West Florida.
  • Braxton Bragg was promoted to major general in the Confederate Army on September 12, 1861.
  • In 1862 Braxton Bragg’s command was combined with General A. S. Johnston’s army and Bragg served as a corps commander at the Battle of Shiloh (April 6-7, 1862).
  • Braxton Bragg was promoted to full General in the Confederate Army on April 12, 1862.
  • In June 1862 Braxton Bragg replaced P.G.T. Beauregard as commander of the Army of Tennessee.
  • In August 1862, Braxton Bragg’s army invaded Kentucky and defeated a Union army led by his brother-in-law, Don Carlos Buell, at the Battle of Munford (September 14-17, 1862).
  • In early 1863, Braxton Bragg was severely criticized by subordinate officers for withdrawing at the Battle of Stones River (December 31, 1862 – January 2, 1863).
  • In the greatest Confederate victory in the Western Theater of the American Civil War, Braxton Bragg’s forces defeated Major General William Rosecrans Army of the Cumberland at the Battle of Chickamauga (September 19-20, 1863).
  • On December 2, 1863, Braxton Bragg resigned his command of the Army of Tennessee after Ulysses S. Grant broke the Confederate siege of Chattanooga a month earlier.
  • In February 1864, Braxton Bragg became a military advisor to Confederate President Jefferson Davis for the remainder of the war.
  • After the Civil War, Braxton Bragg served as the superintendent of the New Orleans waterworks, the chief engineer for Alabama, and a railroad inspector in Texas.
  • In 1919, Fort Bragg, in North Carolina, opened and was named in honor of Braxton Bragg.
  • Braxton Bragg was one of eight men to achieve the rank of full general in the Confederate Army.
  • Braxton Bragg commanded the Army of Tennessee from November 20, 1862 to December 2, 1863.Braxton
  • Bragg participated in the battles of Munford, Shiloh, Perryville, Stones River, Chickamauga, Chattanooga, and Bentonville.
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Citation Information

The following information is provided for citations.

  • Article Title Bragg, Braxton - Facts
  • Coverage March 22, 1817 - September 27, 1876
  • Author
  • Website Name American History Central
  • Access Date July 29, 2021
  • Publisher R.Squared Communications, LLC
  • Original Published Date
  • Date of Last Update April 28, 2021
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