Key facts about the Bristoe Campaign, a short series of engagements that took place in northeastern Virginia between October 13 and November 7, 1863, as the Union Army of the Potomac pursued the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia following the federal victory at the Battle of Gettysburg in July.
Date and Location
- October 13–November 7, 1863
- Northeastern Virginia
Timeline of the Bristoe Campaign
These are the main battles and events of the Bristoe Campaign in order.
- October 13, 1863 — Battle of Auburn
- October 14, 1863 — Battle of Bristoe Station
- October 19, 1863 — Battle of Buckland Mills
- November 7, 1863 — Second Battle Rappahannock Station
Principal Union Commanders
- Major General George G. Meade
Principal Confederate Commanders
- General Robert E. Lee
Union Forces Engaged
- Army of the Potomac
Confederate Forces Engaged
- Army of Northern Virginia
Number of Union Soldiers Engaged
- Roughly 76,000
Number of Confederate Soldiers Engaged
- Roughly 45,000
Estimated Union Casualties
- 1,000 casualties (killed, wounded, and captured)
Estimated Confederate Casualties
- 3,500 (many of whom were captured at the Battle of Rappahannock Station)
- Union victory
- At the end of the Bristoe Campaign, the Union Army of the Potomac and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia were back where they roughly were when the campaign began.
- Although the Bristoe Campaign began as a Confederate offensive, it resulted in a Union success because Meade forced Lee to concede the land between the Rappahannock and Rapidan rivers.